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Need of Automated System for Climatic Control and Irrigation

Kavita Thakur, P. Vyas



India is an agricultural country. Agriculture affects the economy of India. For better production, irrigation system must be well designed and auto-controlled. Irrigation is a technique used to supplement the rainwater of dry land. Irrigation is a technique for providing water supply to plants at needed interval. Irrigation of different regions of the country is done through different means, such as wells, reservoirs, canals, rivers, etc. There are various types of irrigation system namely surface, localized, drip, sprinkler, center pivot, lateral, sub and manual irrigation. According to World Bank collection of development indicators, India has 60.45% agriculture land. Agriculture contributes 17% of the total GDP of Indian economy. Agriculture plays a vital role in the Indian economy. 70% of the rural households depend on agriculture. Irrigation sector faces lots of issues and challenges viz regional imbalance of rainfall and water availability, faulty ground water policy, water resources face irregular climate change challenge, water shortage due to urbanization and industrialization, heavy subsidies provided by government intended to wasteful use of water. So, it is very essential to supply water in a controlled way. Lots of techniques have been developed to provide controlled automated irrigation system. This paper basically explores the requirements of automated system and various latest techniques for controlling irrigation and climate.

Keywords: Irrigation, climate control, smart agriculture system, soil sensor, temperature sensor

Cite this Article

P Vyas, K Thakur. Need of Automated System for Climatic Control and Irrigation. Journal of Microcontroller Engineering and Applications. 2019; 6(3): 1–4p.

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