Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Review on Metal Additive Manufacturing Techniques and its Applications

Manjunath Prasad R., U. N. Kempaiah, Santhosh N.

Abstract


Additive manufacturing is a manufacturing technique that focusses on producing the parts from the computer aided engineering drawings obtained from detailed modelling. The advances in additive manufacturing has led to the development of essential technological innovations with state of the art research prospectus which facilitates the development of parts that are complex to manufacture using other manufacturing technologies. The current paper aims to provide a review of the process characteristics of additive manufacturing techniques and the dimensional accuracy related to the parts manufactured. Several materials are considered for additive manufacturing of engineering components, In this regard, the field of additive manufacturing is gaining importance and has lot of prospects for evaluating its characteristics. The domain of product development has gained wide scope in its role for process optimization and has evolved into a major research area. Thus, an attempt has been made to review the research gap and identify the key field of metal additive manufacturing, this can help in understanding the application of parameters and its subsequent optimization is important in reviewing the process of additive manufacturing in Al-Si-Mg alloys.


Keywords


Additive manufacturing, Al-Si-Mg, characterization, dimensional accuracy, product development

Full Text:

PDF

References


A. Arivazhagan and S. H. Masood, "Dynamic Mechanical Properties of ABS Material Processed by Fused Deposition Modelling," International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, vol. 2, pp. 2009-2014, 2012.

R. Singh, "Process Capability Analysis of Fused Deposition Modelling for Plastic Components," Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 20, pp. 69-76, 2014.

J. Mireles, D. Espalin, D. Roberson, B. Zinniel, F. Medina, and R. Wicker, "Fused Deposition Modeling of Metals," in International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, USA, 2012, pp. 836-845.

M. Yakout, A. Cadamuro, M. A. Elbestawi, and S. C. Veldhuis, "The selection of process parameters in additive manufacturing for aerospace alloys," International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 92, pp. 2081-2098, September 01 2017.

M. Yakout, M. A. Elbestawi, and S. C. Veldhuis, "On the characterization of stainless steel 316L parts produced by selective laser melting," International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. Online First, pp. 1-22, 2017.

H. A. Youssef, H. A. El-Hofy, and M. H. Ahmed, Manufacturing Technology: Materials, Processes, and Equipment. International Edition: Taylor & Francis Group, CRC Press, 2012.

N. Guo and M. C. Leu, "Additive Manufacturing: Technology, Applications and Research Needs," Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, vol. 8, pp. 215-243, 2013.

I. Gibson, D. Rosen, and B. Stucker, Additive Manufacturing Technologies; 3D Printing, Rapid Prototyping, and Direct Digital Manufacturing. New York, USA: Springer, 2015.

K. V. Wong and A. Hernandez, "A Review of Additive Manufacturing," International Scholarly Research Network (ISRN) Mechanical Engineering, vol. 2012.

C. W. Hull, "Apparatus for Production of Three-Dimensional Objects by Stereo lithography",

Unites States Patent, 1986.

L. E. Murr, E. Martinez, K. N. Amato, S. M. Gaytan, J. Hernandez, D. A. Ramirez, et al.,

"Fabrication of Metal and Alloy Components by Additive Manufacturing: Examples of 3D Materials Science," Journal of Materials Research and Technology, vol. 1, pp. 42-54, 2012.

P. Vora, F. Derguti, K. Mumtaz, I. Todd, and N. Hopkinson, "Investigating a Semi-Solid Processing Technique using Metal Powder Bed Additive Manufacturing Processes," in International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, USA, 2013.

K. M. Taminger and R. A. Hafley. (2006) Electron Beam Freeform Fabrication for Cost Effective Near-Net Shape Manufacturing. Cost Effective Manufacture via Net-Shape Processing (RTO-MP-AVT-139). 16 (1-10).

R. J. Urbanic, S. M. Saqib, and K. Aggarwal, "Using Predictive Modeling and Classification

Methods for Single and Overlapping Bead Laser Cladding to Understand Bead Geometry to Process Parameter Relationships," Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, vol. 138, pp. 051012 (1-13), 2016.

R. P. Mudge and N. R. Wald, "Laser Engineered Net Shaping Advances Additive Manufacturing and Repair", Welding Journal, vol. 86, pp. 44-48, 2007.

L. Xue and M. Ul-Islam, "Laser Consolidation – A Novel One-Step Manufacturing Process for Making Net-Shape Functional Components," in Cost Effective Manufacture via Net-Shape

Processing (RTO-MP-AVT-139), France, 2006, pp. (15) 1-14.

H. Zhang, J. Xu, and G. Wang, "Fundamental Study on Plasma Deposition Manufacturing," in International Conference on Open Magnetic Systems for Plasma Confinement, Jeju Island, Korea, 2003.

B. Baufeld, O. V. d. Biest, and R. Gault, "Additive Manufacturing of Ti-6Al-4V Components by Shaped Metal Deposition: Microstructure and Mechanical Properties," Materials & Design, vol. 31, pp. S106-S111, 2010.

Leszek Adam Dobrzanski, Anna D. Dobrzanska-Danikiewicz, Anna Achtelik-Franczak, L.B. Dobrzański, Porous Selective Laser Melted Ti and Ti6Al4V Materials for Medical Applications, Powder Metallurgy - Fundamentals and Case Studies, March 2017, DOI: 10.5772/65375.

B. Baufeld, O. v. d. Biest, and R. Gault, "Microstructure of Ti-6Al-4V Specimens Produced by Shaped Metal Deposition," International Journal of Material Research, vol. 100, pp. 1536-1542, 2009.

P. A. Kobryn and S. L. Semiatin, "Microstructure and Texture Evolution during Solidification

Processing of Ti-6Al-4V," Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 135, pp. 330-339, 2003.

W. Gao, Y. Zhang, D. Ramanujan, K. Ramani, Y. Chen, C. B. Williams, et al., "The Status, Challenges, and Future of Additive Manufacturing in Engineering," Computer-Aided Design, 2015.

S. F. S. Shirazi, S. Gharehkhani, M. Mehrali, H. Yarmand, H. S. C. Metselaar, N. A. Kadri, et al., "A Review on Powder-Based Additive Manufacturing for Tissue Engineering: Selective Laser Sintering and Inkjet 3D Printing," Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, vol. 16, pp. 1-20, 2015.

D. Günther, B. Heymel, J. F. Günther, and I. Ederer, "Continuous 3D-Printing for Additive

Manufacturing," Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 20, pp. 320-327, 2014.

M. Lanzetta and E. Sachs, "Improved Surface Finish in 3D Printing Using Bimodal Powder

Distribution," Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 9, pp. 157-166, 2003.

M. Feygin, A. Shkolnik, M. N. Diamond, and E. Dvorskiy, "Laminated Object Manufacturing

System", USA Patent US5730817A, 1996.

B. C. Gross, J. L. Erkal, S. Y. Lockwood, C. Chen, and D. M. Spence, "Evaluation of 3D Printing and its Potential Impact on Biotechnology and the Chemical Sciences," Analytical Chemistry, vol. 86, pp. 3240-3253, 2014.

E. C. Santos, M. Shiomi, K. Osakada, and T. Laoui, "Rapid Manufacturing of Metal Components by Laser Forming," International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture vol. 46, pp. 1459-1468, 2006.

D. Yagnik, "Fused Deposition Modeling - A Rapid Prototyping Technique for Product Cycle

Time Reduction Cost Effectively in Aerospace Applications," IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, vol. 5, pp. 62-68, 2014.

N. K. Dey, "Additive Manufacturing Laser Deposition of Ti-6Al-4V for Aerospace Repair Application," M.Sc. Thesis Missouri University of Science and Technology, Missouri, USA, 2014.

T. Wohlers. (2011) Making Products by Using Additive Manufacturing. Manufacturing Engineering Magazine. 70-77.

P. Michaleris, "Modeling Metal Deposition in Heat Transfer Analyses of Additive Manufacturing Processes," Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, vol. 86, pp. 51-60, 2014.

J. Coykendall, M. Cotteleer, J. Holdowsky, and M. Mahto, "3D Opportunity in Aerospace and Defense: Additive Manufacturing Takes Flight," Deloitte University Press UK2014.

National Research Council, 3D Printing in Space. Washington, DC, USA: National Academies Press, 2014.

P. A. Kobryn, N. R. Ontko, L. P. Perkins, and J. S. Tiley, "Additive Manufacturing of Aerospace Alloys for Aircraft Structures," in Cost Effective Manufacture via Net-Shape Processing (RTO-MP-AVT-139), Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, 2006, pp. (3) 1-14.

J. Scott, N. Gupta, C. Weber, S. Newsome, T. Wohlers, and T. Caffrey, "Additive Manufacturing: Status and Opportunities," IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute, Washington, DC, USA 2012.

W. E. Frazier, D. Polakovics, and W. Koegel, "Qualifying of Metallic Materials and Structures for Aerospace Applications," JOM, vol. 53, pp. 16-18, 2001.

S. Guessasma, W. Zhang, J. Zhu, S. Belhabib, and H. Nouri, "Challenges of Additive Manufacturing Technologies from an Optimisation Perspective," International Journal for Simulation and Multidisciplinary Design Optimization, vol. 6, pp. (A9) 1-13, 2015.

C. J. Smith, F. Derguti, E. H. Nava, M. Thomas, S. Tammas-Williams, S. Gulizia, et al, "Dimensional Accuracy of Electron Beam Melting (EBM) Additive Manufacture with Regard to Weight Optimized Truss Structures," Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 229, pp. 128-138, 2016.

G. Kasperovich, J. Haubrich, J. Gussone, and G. Requena, "Correlation between Porosity and

Processing Parameters in TiAl6V4 Produced by Selective Laser Melting," Materials & Design, vol. 105, pp. 160-170, 2016.

J.-K. Lee and T. T. Xu, "Recent Progress in Scalable Nano manufacturing," JOM, vol. 67, pp.

-28, 2015.

S. Leuders, M. Thöne, A. Riemer, T. Niendorf, T. Tröster, H. A. Richard, et al., "On the Mechanical Behavior of Titanium Alloy TiAl6V4 Manufactured by Selective Laser Melting: Fatigue Resistance and Crack Growth Performance," International Journal of Fatigue, vol. 48, pp. 300-307, 2013.

G. Kasperovich and J. Hausmann, "Improvement of Fatigue Resistance and Ductility of TiAl6V4 Processed by Selective Laser Melting," Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 220, pp. 202-214, 2015.

M. Simonelli, "Microstructure Evolution and Mechanical Properties of Selective Laser Melted Ti-6Al-4V," PhD Thesis School of Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK, 2014.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37591/jopc.v7i3.3413

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.