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Nano Cellulose: A Bionano Material from Lignocellulosic Biomass

Preeti Nandkumar, Sumita Nair


In paper industry, nano technological advances are of great importance in targeting high quality, efficiency and market potential. Lignocellulosic biomass is a natural biopolymer with cellulose fibrils in a matrix of lignin and hemi cellulose. One of the most relevant nanomaterials of our paper industry is nano crystalline cellulose, a renewable, recyclable and abundant nano material obtained from lignocellulosic biomass. Currently the paper industry uses nanotechnology in two ways: to enhance current products and create new ones, and to discover ways that cellulose fibers can be used for products outside the industry. In this paper, we have discussed the molecular structure for biomass recalcitrance, reengineering process of lignocellulosic biomass into nanocellulose via chemical approaches.


Nanocellulose, lignocellulosic biomass, cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin

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