Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Review on Thermal and Structural Analysis of Disc Brakes in Motor Vehicles

Shubhaseesh Srivastava


Braking is a technique that turns kinetic energy in a vehicle into mechanical energy that must be dissipated as heat. The frictional heat created at the disc-pad interface can cause high temperatures during the braking period. Thermal elastic instability (TEI), early wear, brake fluid vaporisation (BFV), and thermally stimulated vibrations can all be caused by frictional heat created on the rotor surface (TEV). In this research, a vehicle's solid type disc brake rotor will be investigated for the use of various materials in order to improve braking efficiency and give improved vehicle stability. SOLIDWORKS is used to model the disc brake rotor, which allows for collaborative engineering across disciplines. For evaluating the temperature distribution, fluctuation of stresses, and deformation throughout the disc brake profile, ANSYS 19.2 is used in the thermal and structural analysis of the disc brake rotor. Based on the amount of Von Mises stresses, temperature distribution, and deformation, a comparison is done between three distinct materials used for solid type disc brakes, and the optimal material for constructing disc brakes and kind of disc brake are suggested.


Brake fluid vaporization, thermal elastic instability, disc brake rotor, CAD.

Full Text:



M. Saran theja & m. Vamsi krishna, static and thermo-mechanical analysis of disc brake,g.j. e.d.t., vol. 2(3) 2013:12-18, issn: 2319 – 7293.

A. S. Abrar ahmed, v. Ayush kumar, s. Gokul, p.vijay,design and analysis of disc brake rotor using different profiles,international journal of engineering applied sciences and technology, 2020 vol. 4, issue 9, issn no. 2455-2143, pages 286- 293

1. Park S.P., Chai T.W., J.B. and Chung W.S.: “Thermo-mechanical finite element analysis ofhot judder phenomenon of a ventilated disc brake system"Int. J.Precis.Eng.Manuf., Vol. 12,No.5, pp. 821-828, 2011

Moses Omolayo Petinrin and John Ogheneortega Oji: “Numerical Simulation of Thermoelas-tic Contact Problem of Disc Brake with Frictional Heat Generation„New York Science Journal2012; 5(10), 39-43

Blau P.J., McLaughlin J.C.: Effects of water films and sliding speed on the frictional behaviorof truck disc brake material. Trib Int 36(10):709-715 (2003).

Mutlu I., Alma M.H., Basturk M.A.: Preparation and characterization of brake linings frommodified tannin-phenol formaldehyde resin and asbestos-free fillers. J Mat Sci 40(11): 3003-3005 (2005)

Choi Ji-Hoon and In Lee: “Finite element analysis of transient thermoelastic behaviors indisk brakes”, Wear, V 257, pp. 47-58 (2004)

Valvano T., Lee K.: An Analytical Method to Predict Thermal Distortion of a Brake Rotor.Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc 2000-01-0445, 2000

Uyyuru R.K., Surappa M.K., Brusethaug S.: Tribological behavior of Al-Si-SiCp compos-ites/automobile brake pad system under dry sliding conditions. J Tribol Int 40(2):365-373(2007).

Naji M., Al-Nimr M., Masoud S.: Transient 5thermal behavior of a cylindrical brake system.J Heat Mass Transf 36:45-49 (2000).



  • There are currently no refbacks.