Use of Geodetic Laser Scanner for Mapping Applications: A Review

Mohammad Haminuddin Abdul Hadi, Khairul Nizam Tahar, Khairul Farhanah Khairon, Ahmad Afiq Hassan, Muhammad Syahiran Amran, Muhamad Syahir Shadin


In the past few years,slope were generated using topographic details captured using Total Station before the existence of Geodetic Laser Scanner (GLS). Although this method can give very high accuracy of measurement for generating slope model; it is expensive, time consuming, does not cover large area and need a physical contact on hazardous area. With GLS, generating slope model can be carried out without direct contact with hazardous area. There is a need of rapid data acquisition for slope mapping studies. The time of data acquisition is very important forfast decision making at the critical study area. Therefore, this study reviews the capabilities of GLS in slope mapping study which involves semi-undulation and undulation study area. This paper concentrates on the development of GLS in surveying applications, the source of errors in GLS measurement and scanning resolution. GLS is very useful inslope mapping studies especially for the rapid decision making for response agencies.


Keywords:mapping, slope, GLS, accuracy

Full Text:



Barbarella M, Fiani M.Monitoring of large landslides by Terrestrial Laser Scanning techniques: field data collection and processing. EuJS. 2013;46: 126–51p.

Barbarella M, Fiani M, Lugli A.Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk: Landslide Monitoring using Multitemporal Terrestrial Laser Scanning for Ground Deformation Analysis. UK: Tylor & Francis;2012.

Boehler W, Bordas VM, MarbsA. Investigating Laser Scanner Accuracy.Proceedings of the XIXth CIPA Symposium; 2003 Sep 30–Oct 4; Antalya, Turkey. Turkey: CIPA Heritage Documentation; 2003.

Ehigiator R, Irughel M. 3D Geospatial modeling of accident scene using Laser Scanner data. Civil and Environmental Research. 2012;2(10): 39–48p.

Irughe E, Ehigiator I. Investigation cause of accident using Terrestrial Laser scanner. Greener Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research. 2013; 3(1): 12–18p.

El-Hakim S, Beraldin A, Picard M. Detailed 3D Reconstruction of Monuments using Multiple Techniques.ISPRS/CIPA International Workshop on Scanning for Cultural Heritage Recording; 2002; Corfu, Greece. 58–64p.

Fontana R, Greco M, MaterazziM, et al. Three-dimensional modelling of statues: The Minerva of Arezzo. Journal of Cultural Heritage.2002; 3(4): 325–31p.

Ghazali R, Sukri AEE, Latif ARA,et al. 2011. Evaluating the relationship between scanning resolution of laser scanner with the accuracy of the 3D model constructed.Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Conference on Control System, Computing and Engineering (ICCSCE); 2011 Nov 25–27; Penang. USA: IEEE; 2011.

Julio C. Surface recognition improvement in 3D medical laser scanner using Levenberg–Marquardt method. Signal Process.2013; 93: 378–86p.

Julio C. Optical monitoring of scoliosis by 3D medical laser scanner. OptLaser Eng. 2014;54: 175–86p.

Kinoshita K,Takagi M. Accuracy Evaluation of Laser Scanner Data Depending on Location of GCPs for Monitoring Landslide.Proceedings of the 28th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing; 2007 Nov 12–16; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Tokyo, Japan: Asian Association on Remote Sensing; 2009.

Kovacs L, Zimmermann A, Brockmann G, et al.Three-dimensional recording of the human face with a 3D laser scanner. JPlast ReconstrAesthet Surg. 2006;59(11): 1193–202p.

Sui L, Wang X, Zhao D, et al. Application of 3D laser scanner for monitoring of landslide hazards.The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences; 2008 Jul 3; Beijing, China; 2008.

Monserrat O, Crosetto M. Deformation measurement using terrestrial laser scanning data and least squares 3D surface matching. ISPRS JPhotogramm.2008; 63(1): 142–54p.

13. Nguyen TT, Liu XG, Wang HP.Analysis Of Error Sources In Terrestrial Laser Scanning.Proceedings of the Joint ISPRS Workshop on 3D City Modelling & Applications and the 6th 3D GeoInfo Conference; 2011 Jun 26–28; Wuhan, China. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences; 2011.

Poole, G., 2004. MEASURING ACCIDENT SCENES USING LASER SCANNING SYSTEMS AND THE USE OF SCAN DATA IN 3D SIMULATION AND ANIMATION. Southern African, Proceedings of the 23rd Southern African Transport Conference. (?au: this ref is not indicated anywhere in text)

Roberts G, Hirst L. Deformation Monitoring and Analysis of Structures Using Laser Scanners.Pharaohs to Geoinformatics FIG Working Week 2005 and GSDI-8; 2005 Apr 16–21; Cairo, Egypt ; 2005.

RutherH, Chazan M, Schroeder R, et al.Laser Scanning for conservation research of African cultural heritage sites: the case study of wonderwork cave, South Africa. JArchaeol Sci. 2009; 36(9): 1847–56p.

Syahmi, MZ, Aziz WAW, Zulkarnaini MA,et al.The movement detection on the landslide surface by using Terrestrial Laser Scanning. Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE Control and System Graduate Research Colloquium (ICSGRC); 2011 Jun 27–28; Shah Alam. USA: IEEE; 2011.

Wei O, Chin C, Majid Z, et al.3D Documentation and Presevationof Historical Monument Using Terrestrial Laser. Geoinformation Science Journal. 2010; 10(1): 73–90p.

Xiao Y Zhan Q, Pang Q. 3D Data Acquisition by Terrestrial Laser Scanning for Protection of Historical Buildings. Proceedings of the International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing; 2007 Sep 21–25; Shanghai, China. USA: IEEE; 2007.

Yang WB, Chen MB, Yen Y, et al.An Integrated 3D Laser Scanning Techique for the Digitization of Historic Building.Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia (VSMM); 2010 Oct 20–23; Seoul, South Korea. USA: IEEE; 2010.

Zhou Y, Cui M, Yang L. Application of 3D Laser Scanner in Topographic Change Monitor and Analysis.Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Electronic Measurement & Instruments (ICEMI '09); 2009 Aug 16–19; Beijing, China. USA:IEEE; 2009.

Guo-hui Z. DeformationMonitor based on 3D Laser Scanner. The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Part B4, Beijing. 2008; XXXVII: 1549–52p.



  • There are currently no refbacks.