Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


RAJI M, Malavika M M


Soil Reinforcement is the widely accepted technique to improve the bearing capacity of challenging sites. There are various natural as well as synthetic material available as reinforcement for soil. Nowadays geosynthetic reinforced granular fill material is widely used in soft sub grade soil.   This manuscript deals with the experimental studies carried out to explore the possibility of using naturally available bamboo as a geogrid to increase the bearing capacity of the loose granular soil. Bamboo is a natural, ecofriendly and sustainable material with high tensile strength. Small scale load bearing tests were conducted to determine the bearing capacity of the loose fill, with bamboo grid, with rubber noded bamboo grid and the results were compared with that of synthetic geogrids.  The analysis of load settlement curves shows that the bamboo grid carries more load when placed at a depth of one fourth of the footing width. The rubber noded bamboo grid carries more load compared to other reinforcement as the rubber node at the intersection of bamboo strips act as shock absorber and there by protect the bamboo grid.


Loose Granular Fill, soil reinforcement, Load settlement behaviour, Bamboo grid, Rubber noded bamboo grid

Full Text:



Fragaszy, R., and Lawton, E.(1984), "Bearing capacity of reinforced sand subgrades.", Journal, Geotech.Engg.10.1061/ (ASCE), pp- 1500-1507

Guido, V.A., Biesaidecki, G.L. and Sullivan, M.J. (1985), “Bearing Capacity of a Geotextile Reinforced Foundation”, Proceedings 11th International Conference on SMFE (3), Sanfransisco,pp- 1777-1780.

Maher Omar, B.M.Das, S.C.Yen,E.E.Cook .(1993), “Ultimate Bearing Capacity of Rectangular Foundations on Geogrid-Reinforced Sand”, Geotechnical testing journal,pp-246-252

Das, B. M., and Omar, M. T. (1994), "The effects of foundation width on model tests for the bearing capacity of sand with geo-grid reinforcement.", Geo-tech. Geol. Eng., 12(2).pp-133-141.

Radoslaw L. Michalowski, Aighen Zhao(1996),”Failure of Fiber Reinforced Granular Soils”,Journal of geotechnical engineering,Volume 22,Issue 3,pp-226234.

MdAsaduzzaman and Muhammad Iftiarul Islam (2014), “ Soil Improvement By Using Bamboo Reinforcement” - American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) , Volume-03, Issue-08, pp-362-368.

Waruwu A ( 2014), "Bamboo Reinforcement in Shallow Foundation on the Peat Soil” Journal of Civil Engineering Research, Volume 4 pp- 96-102.

Waruwu A.and Susanti R.D ( 2015), " Behavior of Soil Peat with Reinforcement of Bamboo Grid” IOSR Journal of Engineering, Volume 5,Issue 11,pp- 29-36.

Aazokhi Waruwu, Rika DeniSustani (2015), "Behavior of Soil with Reinforcement of Bamboo Grid”, International organization of Scientific Research (IOSRJEN),Vol 5,Issue 11,pp-29-36.

Farid Maruf (2018), "A Review on the Use of Bamboo for Earthwork Construction”, MATEC Web conferences, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp-52-56.



  • There are currently no refbacks.