Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

An Internet of Things Waste Collection System

P. Elechi, Sunny Orike, Ukamaka Celestina Kalu-Ota


Waste littering has been the most problem in some beautiful cities today. However, the waste management agencies' poor management of waste made some cities unattractive, such as cities like Aba in Nigeria and the current state of Port Harcourt city. The automatic waste collector system is a smart waste system to manage and control the littering of waste all over the environment. The automatic waste control system automatically opens and closes itself whenever waste is sensed. The major problem with the waste management system in Port Harcourt is that the city has not introduced an automatic waste collector system. This causes the waste to overflow before the team comes in to evacuate it. However, the internet of things (IoT) method is used in controlling the automatic waste system. These techniques help in controlling the behaviour of the waste system and can detect the waste from 30 cm away, the time of opening and the time of closing the waste system. IoT also helps in notifying the waste team about the level of the waste collector systems at different locations. The results from this research work show the percentage level filling of the automatic waste collector system at different locations. It also showed that some of the waste systems got filled up to 100% on the fifth day, while those at 70% or less on the fifth day were based on the traffic or number of people living within that location.


IoT, Waste collection, Microcontroller

Full Text:



Malapur., B., S., Vani R., & Pattanshetti., P., G. (2017). IoT-based waste management: An application to a smart city. In 2017 International Conference on Energy, Communication, Data Analytics and Soft Computing (ICECDS) IEEE.) 4(3) 10-17.

Murali K., T. et al., (2020). Smart Garbage Monitoring System using IoT, Department of Information Technology Sree Vidyanikethan Engg. College Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.

Parkash., A., & Prabu., V (2018). IoT Based Waste Management for Smart City, Dept. of Embedded System Design, NIELIT, Calicut, Kerala, India, international journal of innovative research in electronics, instrumentation and control engineering, 1(10) 23-30.

Theodoros., A., Arkady Z., & Alexey., M. (2015). Robust waste collection exploiting cost efficiency of IoT potentiality in smart cities. In Recent Advances in Internet of Things (RIoT), International Conference on. IEEE), 2(6) 67-72.

Shafiqul I., Hannan, M., A., Maher., A., & Hasan., B. (2012). An Overview for Solid Waste Bin Monitoring System, Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 5(4) 181- 193.

Guerrero., L., A., Maas., G., & Hogland., T. (2015) Solid waste management challenges for cities in developing countries. Journal of Waste Management.

Alexey M., Petr., F., Arkady., Z., & Theodoros., A., S., K. (2014), Waste Management as an IoT-Enabled Service in Smart Cities, Journal of Academia and Industrial Research (JAIR) 4(2) 1-6.

Neetha., S., S., Vaishnavi., V., & Vandana., B. (2017). Smart bin— An “Internet of Things” approach to clean and safe public space. IoT in Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud (I-SMAC), International Conference on. IEEE.) 3(2) 323-331.

Vikrant., B., Pankaj., M., Maheshwar., G., & Dishant., P. (2015). Smart Garbage Management System, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, Mumbai, India, 4 (3) 32-47.

Narayan S., Nirman., S., Tanmoy., D. (2015). “Smart Bin Implementation for Smart Cities”, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 6(9), 42-48.

Sahu, R., M., Akshay., G., Pramod., S., & Reshma., S. (2016) Garbage Monitoring System Using Internet of Things, international journal of innovative research in electronics, instrumentation, and control engineering, 4(4) 20-28.

Priya., S., Mohini M., Pradhnya., N., Sameeksha., K., & Shubham., D. (2018) IOT Based Smart Garbage Bin Alert System using HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Nagar Yuvak Shikshan Sanstha Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering and Research, Nagpur, India, International Conference on Energy, Communication, Data Analytics and Soft Computing, 2(6) 45-51.

Mustafa., M., R., & Ku A., K. (2017) Smart Bin; IoT Garbage monitoring system, International Conference on Energy, Communication, Data Analytics and Soft Computing (ICECDS) IEEE.) 13(1) 78- 84.

Shyamala., S., C., Kunjan., S., Viswanath., M., Chitra., C. (2016), Smart waste management system, International Journal of Scientific Development and Research, 1(9) 13-24.

Akash., K., T., Dineshchoudhari., S., Y., Sandeep., C., U., & Rashmi., P., M. (2017) IoT Based Garbage Monitoring System. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering &Technology (IJARCET) 6 (4) 278-323.

Ifeoma., B. A., & Eneh., D., A. (2019), Internet of Things (IoT) Communication for Refuse Monitoring System, Department of Electrical/Electronic Engineering, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 116(1) 122-134

Aravindaraman., B., A., & Ranjama., P. (2019). Design Of A Monitoring System For Waste Management Using IoT, MCA Department Hindustan Institute Of Technology And Science Chennai, India, Journal of Academia and Industrial Research 3(2) 645-653.

Elechi, P., Orike, S. & Igbudu A.O. (2021). Development of an Improved Solid Waste Collection System using Smart Sensors, World Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 1(1), 51-65. DOI: 10.31586/wjeee.2021.151

Mahajan., S., A., Akshay., K., Apoorva., S., Mrunaya., S., & Shivani., I. (2017), Smart Waste Management System using IoT, Department of Information Technology, Pune, India International Conference on Energy, Communication, Data Analytics and Soft Computing, 1(10) 1-9.

Abhishek., D., Maneesh., J., Muzammil., N., & Rushabh., S. (2016). IoT-Based Smart Garbage Detection System. International research journal of engineering and technology (IRJET). 10(1) 37-48.

Aditya., J., & Bhupendra., K., S. (2017). Secure Modern Healthcare System Based on Internet of Things and Secret Sharing of IoT Healthcare Data. International Journal of Advanced Networking and Applications, 8(6) 18-27.

Alice., M., K., Perreddy., M., Surrunisa., A., Chathala., S., & Pavan., G. (2017). IoT-Based Garbage Monitoring System. International Journal of Scientific &Engineering Research 8(4), 15-18.

Ashima B., & Sumanth R. (2017) Garbage Monitoring System Using IoT. International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 10(2) 114(14).

Shilan., A., H., Noor., G., Jameel., M., & Boran., s. (2016), Smart solid waste monitoring and collection system, International Journal of Advanced Research in computer science and software engineering, 6(10) 31-37.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Microcontroller Engineering and Applications