Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Advance green fiber reinforced thermosetting composites for reliable assistive device fabrication

Himel Chakraborty, Ananda Podder


The biodegradable green fibers derived from natural plants are abundantly available and are currently considered as potential reinforcements. Present study aims at investigating the mechanical properties of green jute fiber reinforced thermoset composites as possible alternatives to the inorganic glass fiber reinforced prosthetic assistive device. Continuous green jute fiber are treated with sodium hydroxide and acetic acid, and then added to epoxy and polyester at varying fiber loadings to produce green fiber reinforced composites using the hand lay-up method. The mechanical properties of glass fiber polyester composite were compared with green jute fiber polyester composites and green jute epoxy composites. Tensile, flexural and impact test of the developed composites was performed. The interface between fiber and matrix was examined using scan electron microscopy. Green jute fiber polyester composites have shown improved mechanical property where as, green jute epoxy composites showed the highest mechanical property. Thus, green jute epoxy composites have the potential to be further developed as a replacement for glass fiber in above-knee prosthetic sockets like assistive device.


Mechanical property; Polymer composite; Manufacturing; Assistive device.

Full Text:



Akil HM, Cheng LW, Ishak ZAM, Bakar AA, et al. Water absorption study on pultruded jute fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester composites. Compos. Sci. Technol. 2009; 69(11-12): 1942-6p.

Lakshmanan A, Ghosh RK, Dasgupta S, et al. Optimization of alkali treatment condition on jute fabric for the development of rigid biocomposite. J. Indus. Textile. 2018; 47(5): 640-15p

Bougherara H, Bureau M, Campbell M, Vadean A, et al. Design of a biomimetic polymer-composite hip prosthesis. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. A. 2007; 82A(1): 27-13p.

Scholz M-S, Blanchfield JP, Bloom LD, Coburn BH, et al. The use of composite materials in modern orthopaedic medicine and prosthetic devices: A review. Compos. Sci. Technol. 2011; 71(16): 1791–12p.

Biddiss E, Chau T. Electroactive polymeric sensors in hand prostheses: Bending response of an ionic polymer metal composite. Med. Eng. Phys. 2006; 28(6): 568-10p.

Katoozian H, Davy DT, Arshi A, Saadati U. Material optimization of femoral component of total hip prosthesis using fiber reinforced polymeric composites. Med. Eng. Phys. 2001; 23(7): 505–6p.

De Santis R, Ambrosio L, Nicolais L. Polymer-based composite hip prostheses. J. Inorg. Biochem. 2000; 79(1-4): 97-5p.

Simões JA, Marques AT. Design of a composite hip femoral prosthesis. Mater. Des. 2005; 26(5): 391-11p.

Tanoue N, Matsumura H, Atsuta M. Effectiveness of polymerization of a prosthetic composite using three polymerization systems. J. Prosthet. Dent. 1999; 82(3): 336-4p.

Sridhar I, Adie PP, Ghista DN. Optimal design of customised hip prosthesis using fiber reinforced polymer composites. Mater. Des. 2010; 31(6): 2767-8p.

Gloria A, Causa F, De Santis R, Netti PA, et al. Dynamic-mechanical properties of a novel composite intervertebral disc prosthesis. J. Mater. Sci: Mater. Med. 2007; 18(11): 2159-6p.

Mehboob H, Chang S-H. Application of composites to orthopedic prostheses for effective bone healing: A review. Compos. Struct. 2014; 118: 328-13p.

Kurunmäki H, Kantola R, Hatamleh MM, Watts DC. et al. A fiber-reinforced composite prosthesis restoring a lateral midfacial defect: A clinical report. J. Prosthet. Dent. 2008; 100(5): 348-4p.

Freilich MA, Karmaker AC, Burstone CJ, Goldberg AJ. Development and clinical applications of a light-polymerized fiber-reinforced composite. J. Prosthet. Dent. 1998; 80(3): 311-7p.

Dhal JP, Mishra SC. Investigation of Dielectric Properties of a Novel Hybrid Polymer Composite using Industrial and Bio-waste. J. Polym. Compos. 2013; 1(1): 22-5p.

Aireddy H, Mishra SC. Effect of Chemical Treatment of Coir Dust on the Dielectric Behavior of Bio-waste Reinforced Polymer Composites. J. Polym. Compos. 2012; 2(1-3): 84-12p.

Podder A, Lenka PK, Biswas A, et al. Mechanical performance of polymer composites reinforced with natural fibers for reliable structural biomaterial. J. Modern Chem. Chemical Technol. 2018; 9(3): 13-22p.

Dhal JP, Mishra SC. Processing and Dielectric Properties of Bio-fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite Using Brown Grass Flower Broom. J. Polym. Compos. 2013; 1(1): 28-4p.

Mohanty AK, Misra M. Studies on Jute Composites-A Literature Review. Polym. Plast. Technol. Eng. 1995; 34(5): 729-63p.

Razera IAT, Frollini E. Composites based on jute fibers and phenolic matrices: Properties of fibers and composites. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2003; 91(2): 1077-8p.

Zakriya M, Ramakrishnan G, Gobi N, Palaniswamy N, et al. Jute-reinforced non-woven composites as a thermal insulator and sound absorber-A review. J. Reinf. Plast. Compos. 2016; 36(3): 206-7p.

Ramesh M, Palanikumar K, Reddy KH. Influence of fiber orientation and fiber content on properties of sisal-jute-glass fiber-reinforced polyester composites. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2015; 133(6): 42968-9p.


  • There are currently no refbacks.