Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Weldability of Aluminium Alloy Using Tungsten Inert Gas Welding Process for Mechanical Properties: A Review

Jaydeepkumar Arvindbhai Chavda, Sagarkumar I. Shah, Dr.Pratik T. Kikani


Metal components are joined using heat or pressure in TIG welding, sometimes referred toas Gas Tungsten Arc Welding. Pulsed current welding utilises inert gas for enclose the weld pools and electrodes. The intricate welding procedure known as TIG welding uses tungsten inert gas. It switches and forth between high and low level amps. Here, the weld quality and power output improve when the current is increased. Pulsed current TIG welding is beneficial for alloys made of aluminium. A type of welding called pulse welding uses pulsating electricity. It is a modification of the typical welding technique.To create high-quality welding connections, top quality alloys like stainless steel, aluminium, and magnesium alloys should be used. Of all the welding techniques used in industry, pulsed TIG welding is often regarded as the most complicated. In 1825, the metal aluminium was developed and used for manufacturing. The 5052 and 6063 aluminium alloy, one of nine varieties of aluminium alloys, forms the foundation of this study. Aluminum and other lightweight alloys are useful for ships because they have high corrosion resistance. Due to its light weight, the aluminium alloys are also utilised in railway, aerospace, automotive and nautical industries applications. Welders must exercise considerable caution and expertise to prevent electrode contact with the workpiece because they must maintain a short arc length. Thin pieces of stainless steel, non-ferrous metals including aluminium, magnesium, and copper alloys, and other materials are frequently joined by pulse current TIG welding.


AA5052, AA6063, Pulsed Current TIG Welding, Tensile Strength, Hardness, Response Surface Method.

Full Text:



G. Mathers, The welding of aluminium and its alloys. New York: Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2002

Yelamasetti, B., & Vardhan, V. (2021). Optimization of GTAW parameters for the development of dissimilar AA5052 and AA6061 joints. Materials Today: Proceedings, 47, 4350-4356

Verma, S., Arya, H. K., & Kumar, P. Effect of Post Weld Heat Treatment on Properties of ACTIG Welded Aa6063 Aluminium Alloy Joint

Davis, J.R. (1993). Aluminum and aluminum alloys. ASM international.

Panwar, R.S., “Welding Engineering and Technology” 623p.

Arunkumar, K., & Dhayanithi, G. Analysis of Welding Characteristics in Aa 5052 Using Gas Tungsten Arc Welding.

Parthasarathy, M. C., & Sathyaseelan, M. D. (2015). An Investigation on Effect of Process Parameter of Pulsed Tig Welded Aluminum Alloy on Mechanical and Corrosion Properties

Hong, S. M., Tashiro, S., Bang, H. S., & Tanaka, M. (2021). A Study on theEffect of Current Waveform on Intermetallics Formation and the Weldability of Dissimilar Materials Welded Joints (AA5052 Alloy—GI Steel) in AC Pulse GMAW. Metals, 11(4), 561.

Sanjeevi, C., & Muthukumar, k. (2020). improving welding joint strength with aluminium alloy 5052 usinggas metal arc welding.

Hasanniah, A., & Movahedi, M. (2018). Welding of Al-Mg aluminum alloy to aluminum clad steel sheet using pulsed gas tungsten arc process. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 31, 494-501.

Eazhil, K. M., Mahendran, S., & Kumar, S. G. (2014). Optimization of tungsten inert gas welding on 6063 aluminum alloy on taguchi method. Int J of Research and Scientificinnovations, 1(3).

Yelamasetti, B., & Vardhan, V. (2021). Weldability and mechanical properties of AA5052 and AA7075 dissimilar joints developed by GTAW process. Materials Today:Proceedings, 47, 4162-4166.

Ramji, B. R., Bharathi, V., & Swamy, N. P. (2021). Characterization of TIGand MIG welded Aluminium 6063 alloys. Materials Today: Proceedings, 46, 8895- 8899.

Yelamasetti, B., Kumar, D., &Saxena, K.K. (2021). Experimental investigation on temperature profiles and residual stresses in GTAW dissimilar weldments of AA5052 and AA7075. Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, 1-1

Yelamasetti, B., Ramana G, V., Manikyam, S., & Vardhan T, V. (2021). Thermal field and residual stress analyses of similar and dissimilar weldments joined by constant and pulsed current TIG welding techniques. Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, 1-16.

sandhya, v., sadaf, a., reddy, b. p., & priyanka, k. experimental investigations on effect of weld parameters in tigwelding of aluminium.

Yan, Z., Yuan, T., & Chen, S. (2019). Microstructural refinement of 6061 and 5052 aluminium alloys by arc oscillation. Materials Science and Technology, 35(13), 1651-1655.

Kato, S., & Tanabe, S. (1988). High speed welding of 0.5 mm thickness alloy sheets using pulsed welding. welding International, 2(7), 602-608.

Miniappan, P. K., Shankar, V. A., & Ibrahim, A. S. (2020). An evaluation of microstructural effect on welding interface of welded samples. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(9).

Chen, W. B. (2016). Microstructure and mechanical properties of tungsten inert gas welded–brazed Al/Ti joints. Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, 21(7), 547-554.

Raveendra, A., & Kumar, B. R.Effect of Pulsed Current on Welding Characteristics of Aluminium Alloy (5052) using Gas Tungsten Arc Welding.

Abioye, T. E., Zuhailawati, H., Aizad, S., & Anasyida, A. S. (2019). Geometrical, microstructural mechanical characterization of pulse laser welded thin sheet 5052-H32 aluminium alloy for aerospace applications. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 29(4), 667-679

Shrivas, S. P., Vaidya, S. K., Khandelwal, A. K., & Vishvakarma, K. (2020). Investigation of TIG welding parameters to improve strength. Materials Today: Proceedings, 26, 1897-1902.

Ye, Z., Huang, J., Gao, W., Zhang, Y., Cheng, Z., Chen, S., & Yang, J. (2017). Microstructure and properties of 5052aluminum alloy/mild steel butt joint achieved by MIG-TIG doublesided arc welding-brazing. Materials & Design, 123, 69-79.

Song, C. Y., Park, Y. W., Kim, H. R., Lee, K. Y., & Lee, J. (2008). The use of Taguchi and approximation methods to optimize the laser hybrid welding of a 5052-H32 aluminium alloy plate. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering

Manufacture, 222(4), 507-518

Yelamasetti, B., & Vardhan, V. (2021). Weldability and mechanical properties of AA5052 and AA7075 dissimilar joints developed by GTAW process. Materials Today: Proceedings, 47, 4162-4166.

Shanavas, S., & Dhas, J. E. R. (2017, October). Weldability of AA 5052 H32 aluminium alloy by TIG welding and FSW process–a comparative study. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science

and Engineering (Vol. 247, No. 1, p. 012016). IOP Publishing.

Shunmugasundaram, M., Kumar, A. P., Sankar, L. P., & Sivasankar, S. (2020). Optimization of process parameters of friction stir welded dissimilar AA6063 and AA5052 aluminum alloys by Taguchi technique. Materials Today: Proceedings, 27, 871-876.

Baskoro, A. S., Amat, M. A., Pratama, I., Kiswanto, G., & Winarto, W. (2019). Effects of tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding parameters on macrostructure, microstructure, and mechanical properties of AA6063-T5 using the controlled intermittent wire feeding method. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 105(5), 2237-2251.

Hadadzadeh, A., Ghaznavi, M. M., & Kokabi, A. H. (2014). The effect of gas tungsten arc welding and pulsed- gas tungsten arc welding processes’ parameters on the heat affected zone- softening behavior of strain-hardened Al–6.7 Mg alloy. Materials & Design, 55,335-342.

Reddy, G. M., Gokhale, A. A., & Rao, K. P. (1998). Optimisation of pulse frequency in pulsed current gas tungsten arc welding of aluminium– lithium alloy sheets. Materials Science and Technology, 14(1), 61- 66.

Verma, R. P., Pandey, K. N., & Sharma,Y. (2015). Effect of ER4043 and ER5356 filler wire on mechanical properties and microstructure of dissimilar aluminium alloys, 5083-O and 6061-T6 joint, welded by the metal inert gas welding. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical

Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 229(6),1021-1028.

Praveen, P., & Yarlagadda, P. K. D. V. (2005). Meeting challenges inwelding of aluminum alloys through pulse gas metal arc welding. Journal of Material


  • There are currently no refbacks.