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Nuclear Laser Techniques and the Use of Ion Exchange Resins for Radioactive Waste Removal

Vikas Kumar


The energy found in an atom's nucleus, or core, is referred to as nuclear energy. Electricity can be produced using nuclear energy, but it first needs to be released from the atom.  A laser that has been nuclear pumped has been charged with energy from fission byproducts. In a nuclear reactor core, the lasing medium is housed in a tube lined with uranium-235 and exposed to strong neutron flux. The excited plasma produced by the uranium fission fragments has an inverse population of energy levels. High power lasers are amazing devices that can be applied in nuclear reactors for a variety of material processing tasks. High spatial coherence and spectral purity, two special characteristics of lasers, can be exploited for precision metrology and remote diagnosis. Ion-exchange resin is frequently used to remove radioactive materials from cooling water in nuclear reactors. The resin turns radioactive as it is used inside the reactor system for extended periods of time. Resins are classified radioactive waste since their reutilization after their useful lives are up no longer appropriate. The primary immobilization procedure used to assure environmental security now is the direct solidification of used ion exchange resin by cementation, which reduces its release to the environment. This immobilization is made up of a mixture of radioactive waste, cement, and water. The inclusion of resin is only 10% due to its ability to contract and expand, which results in expensive expenses for its direct immobilization.


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