Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

An Overview on Synthesis of Magnesium alloy based Metal Matrix Composites

Ankita P. Balikai, Adarsha H, Sunil Bhat


Magnesium alloy based composites are viewed as potential candidates for various applications in automobile, aerospace and defense sectors. Magnesium alloys majorly consisting of magnesium with fractional quantities of aluminum, zinc and manganese, are popularly used in light weight applications. This alloy can be reinforced with many of the ceramic oxides such as silicon nitride (Si3N4), Titanium carbide (TiC) etc in various forms to improve its mechanical and tribological properties. Currently many researchers are exploring the possibilities of synthesizing magnesium through several techniques. This paper presents an overview of various synthesizing techniques of magnesium alloy based composites using ceramic reinforcements. An attempt is also made to summarize the effect of heat treatment on above said composites.


Magnesium alloy; Metal Matrix Composites; Synthesis techniques; heat treatment

Full Text:



Titterton G in : ”Aircraft Materials and Processes”(V Edition, Pitman Publishing Co., 1995).

Martin, J.W in “Engineering Materials, Their properties and Applications”(Wykedham

Publications London Ltd., 1987).

Raghavan.V in :“Materials Science and Engineering”(Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1993).

Krishnadas Nair C. G, Srinivasan, R in: ” Materials and Fabrication Technology for Satellite and

Launch Vehicle”(Navbharath Enterprises 2008).

Groover, M. P in : ”Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing “ (Materials, Processes, and Systems” 5th ed.,

Wiley-India 2012)

Anil Kumar , Santosh Kumar, N.K.Mukhopadhyay in : “Introduction to magnesium alloy processing technology and development of low cost stir casting process for magnesium alloy and its composites” (Journal of Magnesium and alloys 2018) , pp 1-10

Aatthisugan , A. Razal Rose, D. Selwyn Jebadurai in: “Mechanical and wear behavior of AZ91D

magnesium matrix hybrid composite reinforced with boron carbide and graphite” (Science direct , Journal of Magnesium and alloys, Jan 2017), pp 20-25

K.Ravi Kumar in : “ Characterisation , mechanical and wear behaviour of magnesium AZ91D/Graphite/Tungsten carbide hybrid composites fabricated by powder metallurgy” , ( The Indian Institute of Metals , Feb 2020), doi : org/10.1007/s12666-020-02062-z

Muralidharan Paramsothy, Xing He Tan, Jimmy Chan, Richard Kwok, Manoj Gupta in : “Si3N4

Nanoparticle Addition to Concentrated Magnesium Alloy AZ81: Enhanced Tensile Ductility and Compressive Strength” (International Scholarly Research Notices 16, Oct 2012), , doi:10.5402/2012/169850

Q.C.Jiang, H.Y.Wang, B.X.Ma, Y.Wang, F.Zhao in : “ Fabrication of B4C particulate reinforced magnesium matrix composite by powder metallurgy “ ( Journal of alloys and compounds , 2005 ) , pp177-181

S. Aravindan P. V. Rao, K. Ponappa in : “Evaluation of physical and mechanical properties of AZ91D/SiC composites by two step stir casting process” (Sciencedirect , Journal of Magnesium and alloys, Mar 2015), pp 52-62

Campbell, F in: “ Manufacturing Technology for Aerospace Structural Materials” , (1st ed.. Elsevier

Science. Amsterdam. Netherlands ,2006).

Son N Trinh, Shankar Sastry in “Processing and Properties of Metal Matrix Composites “ (Mechanical

Engineering and Materials Science Independent Study , 2016), Paper 10

M. Paramsothy, J.Chan, R.Kwok , M.Gupta in: ” Enhanced mechanical response of hybrid alloy AZ31/AZ91 based on the addition of Si3N4 particles ( Material science and engineering , 2011) pp 6545-6551.

V. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Rajamuthamilselvan, S. Ramanathan in :” Fabrication of AZ91/SiC Composites

by Accumulated Diffusion Bonding Process” (International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), vol 5 , issue 12, 2016), pp 2278-0181

Kulwant Singh , Gurbhinder Singh, Harmeet Singh in: “ Review on friction stir welding of magnesium

alloys “ (Journal of Magnesium and Alloys , vol 6 , 2018 ), pp 399-416

Frank Hollstein , Renate Wiedemann , Jana Scholz in :” Characteristics of PVD-coatings on AZ31hp

magnesium alloys “ (Surface and Coatings Technology , 2003), pp 261-268

Bhaskar Chandra Kandpal, Jatinder Kumar, and Hari Singh in: “Production Technologies of Metal Matrix

Composite: A Review” (International Journal of Research in Mechanical Engineering & Technology ,vol 4, issue 2 , 2014), pp 2249-5770

Abhilash Viswanath, H Dieringa, K.K. Ajith Kumar, U.T.S. Pillai, B C Pai in : “Investigation on mechanical properties and creep behavior of stir casting AZ91-SiCp Composites” Sciencedirect , Journal of Magnesium and alloys Mar 2015, pp 16-22

Zou,Yanda in:” Effect of grain refiners on squeeze casting of magnesium alloy AM60 “ (Electronic Theses

and Dissertations. 5153, 2014)

S N Ojha in: “Spray forming science and technology “ (Bulletin of Materials Science ,1992, vol 15), pp


Zhang Xiuqinga , Liao Lihua, Ma Naiheng, Wang Haowei in : “New In-situ Synthesis Method of

Magnesium Matrix Composites Reinforced with TiC Particulates” ( Materials research , vol 9 , 2006 ), pp 357-360

Jianping Li, Zhipeng Lia, Daheng Mao, Biao Zhang, Shi Chen in :” Effect of annealing process on

microstructure and properties of roll-casting AZ31B Mg alloy sheet” (Procedia engineering, 2012), pp895 -902

Chye Lih.T, M.Z.M.Zamzuri, S.Norbahiyah, K.A.Ismail, M.N.B.Derman, S.Illias in :” Effect of Heat

Treatment on Microstructure and Corrosion Behavior of Az91d Magnesium Alloy “ (Advanced Materials Research , 2013 , Vol. 685), pp 102-106

Jinsun Liao , Makoto Hotta, Yoichi Mori in : ” Improved corrosion resistance of a high strength Mg-Al-Mn-Ca magnesium alloy made by rapid solidification powder metallurgy”


  • There are currently no refbacks.