Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Progress of Graphene/Silicon Solar Cells-Present Status & Future Prospect

M. Chakraborty

Abstract


The ever-increasing demand for next-generation high efficiency low cost solar cell has triggered interest to search for new materials which are easily available, environmentally benign as well as cost-effective. In this context, graphene has attracted tremendous importance due to its outstanding optical, electrical and mechanical properties, for possible application in future graphene/silicon Schottky and heterojunction solar cells. Significant progress has been noted as the power conversion efficiency of such cells have reached up 16.61% within a very short span of time, though it is low compared to conventional p-n junction solar cells. Here we present a brief overview of state-of-the-art graphene/silicon solar cell. The initial poor performance of such solar cells is analyzed and potential routes to further improve its performance are discussed. Finally the major challenges during development of these devices and future approaches are discussed.


Full Text:

PDF

References


The World Counts, https://www.theworldcounts.com/stories/current_world_energy_consumption

Eisenberg Richard, Gray Harry B. and Crabtree George W. October 2019 Proceedings of the National academy of Sciences, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1821674116

Chapin D. M., Fuller C. S., and Pearson G. L. 1954 Journal of Applied Physics 25 (5) 676.

Carlson D. E. and Wronski C. R. 1976 Applied Physics Letters 28, 671.

Philipps S and Warmuth W. 2015 Photovoltaic Report, www.ise.fraunhofer.de.

Green, M.A.; Emery, K.; Hishikawa, Y.; Warta, W.; Dunlop, E.D. Solar cell efficiency tables (version 48). 2016 Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 24, 905.

Basol B.M., Kapur V.K., Halani A., Leidholm C., 1993, Solar Energy Materials and Solar cells 29163.

Li X., Tao L., Chen Z., Fang H., Li X., Wang X. Xu J-B, Zhu H. 2017Applied Physics Reviews 4 021306.

Singh V., Joung D., Zhai L. and Das S. 2011 Progress in Material Science 56(8) 1178.

Falkovsky L. A. 2008 Journal of Physics: Conference Series 129 012004.

Nair RR., Blake P., Grigorenko A. N. 2008 Science 320, 1308.

Bonaccorso F., Sun Z., Hasan T. and Ferrari A. C. 2010 Nature Photonics 4, 611.

Geim A. K. and Novoselov K. S. 2007 Nature Materials 6 183.

Ye Y., Dai L. 2012 Journal of Material Chemistry 22, 24224.

Huang K., Yu X., Cong J., Yang D. 2018 Advanced Materials Interfaces 5 1801520.

Kong X., Zhang L., Liu B., Gao H., Zhang Y., Yan H., x Song H. 2019 RSC Advances 9 863.

Behura S. K., Wang C., Wen Y., Berry V. 2019 Nature Photonics 13 312.

Abdullah M.F., Hashim A. M. 2019 Journal of Materials Science 54 911.

Bhopal M.F., Lee D.W., Rehman A., Lee S.H. 2017 Journal of Materials Chemistry C 5 10701.

Batra K., Nayak S., Behura S. K., Jani O. 2015 Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 15 4877.

Ho P.H., Lee W.C., Liou Y.T., Chiu Y.P., Shih Y.S., Chen C.C., Su P.Y., Li M.K., Chen H.L., Liang C.T., Chen C. W. 2015 Energy & Environmental Science 8 2085.

Nandi A., Mandal S., Ghosh S., Dhar S., Majumdar S., Saha H., Hossain S. M. 2019 IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 9 12.

Li X., Zhu H., Wang K., Cao A., Wei J., Li C., Jia Y., Li Z., Li X. and Wu D. 2010 Advanced Materials 22 2743.

Li X, Zhu H. 2016 Physics Today 69 46.

Cheung, S. K., and Cheung N.W. 1986 Applied Physics Letters 85 (49) 85.

Han T.-H., Lee Y., Choi M.-R., Woo S.-H., Bae S.-H., Hong B. H., Ahn J.-H. and Lee T.-W. 2012 Nature Photonics 6 112.

Shi E., Li H., Yang L., Zhang L., Li Z., Li P, Shang Y., Wu S., Li X., Wei J, Wang K., Zhu H., Wu D., Fang Y., Cao A. 2013 Nano Letters 13 1776.

Miao X., Tongay S., Petterson M. K., Berke K., Rinzler A. G., Appleton B. R. and Hebard A. F. 2012 Nano Letters 12 2745.

Li X., Xie D., Park H., Zhu M., Zeng T. H., Wang K., Wei J., Wu D., Kong J. and Zhu H. 2013 Nanoscale 5 1945.

Feng T., Xie D., Lin Y., Zhao H., Chen Y., Tian H., Ren T., Li X., Li Z., Wang K., Wu D. and Zhu H. 2012 Nanoscale 4 2130.

Cui T., Li R., Huang Z.-H., Chen S., Zhang Z., Gan X., Jia Y., Li X., Wang K., Wu D. and Kang F. 2013 Journal of Material Chemistry A 1 5736.

Jia Y., Cao A., Bai X., Li Z., Zhang L., Guo N., Wei J., Wang K., Zhu H., Wu D. and Ajayan P. M. 2011 Nano Letters 11 1901.

Lai Y. C., Wu B. S., Yu S. C., Yu P. C. and Chi G. C. 2013 IEEE 39th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference p 2436.

Li Y. F., Yang W., Tu Z. Q., Liu Z. C., Yang F., Zhang L. Q. and Hatakeyama R. 2014 Applied Physics Letters 104 043903.

Ihm K., Lim J. T., Lee K.-J., Kwon J. W., Kang T.-H., Chung S., Bae S., Kim J. H., Hong B. H. and Yeom G. Y. 2010 Applied Physics Letters 97 032113.

Liu X., Zhang X. W., Yin Z. G., Meng J. H., Gao H. L., Zhang L. Q., Zhao Y. J. and Wang H. L. 2014 Applied Physics Letters 105 183901.

Liu X., Zhang X. W., Meng J. H., Yin Z. G., Zhang L. Q., Wang H. L. and Wu J. L. 2015 Applied Physics Letters 106 233901.

Kim J. H., Shin D. H., Lee H. S., Jang C. W., Kim J. M., Seo S. W., Kim S. and Choi S.-H. 2017 Journal of Materials Chemistry C 5 9005.

Kang Z., Tan X., Li X., Xiao T., Zhang L., Lao J., Li X., Cheng S., Xie D. and Zhu H. 2016 Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 18 1992.

Sun C.-H., Jiang P. and Jiang B. 2008 Applied Physics Letters 92 061112.

Zeng Y., Fan X., Chen J., He S., Yi Z., Ye X. and Yi Y. 2018 Superlattices and Microstructures 117 144.

Aho T., Guina M., Elsehrawy F., Cappelluti F., Raappana M., Tukiainen A., Alam A., Vartiainen I., Kuittinen M. and Niemi T. 2018 Optics Express 26 A331.

Dai H., Sun J., Li Z., Yu X., Zhao J., Fang H. and Zhu Z. 2018 Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals 71 1681.

Fan G., Zhu H., Wang K., Wei J., Li X., Shu Q., Guo N. and Wu D. 2011 ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 3 721.

Chen H. C., Lin C. C., Han H. W., Tsai Y. L., Chang C. H., Wang H. W., Tsai M. A., Kuo H. C. and Yu P. 2011 Optics Express 19, A1141.

Feng T., Xie D., Lin Y., Zang Y., Ren T., Song R., Zhao H., Tian H., Li X., Zhu H. and Liu L. 2011 Applied Physics Letters 99 233505.

Lin J.-T., Lai C.-C., Lee C.-T., Hu Y.-Y., Ho K.-Y. and Haga S. W. 2018 IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 8 669.

Xie C., Zhang X., Ruan K., Shao Z., Dhaliwal S. S., Wang L., Zhang Q., Zhang X. and Jie J. 2013 Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1 15348.

Jiao T., Wei D., Song X., Sun T., Yang J., Yu L., Feng Y., Sun W., Wei W., Shi H., Hu C. and Du C. 2016 RSC Advances 6 10175.

Gan X., Li R., Zhu H., Ma L.-P., Wang X., Zhang Z., Huang Z.-H., Zhu H., Ren W., Terrones M. and Kang F. 2016 Journal of Materials Chemistry A 4 13795.

Zhang X., Ye H., Xiao B., Yan L., Lv H. and Jiang B. 2010 Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114 19979.

Ding K., Zhang X., Ning L., Shao Z., Xiao P., Ho-Baillie A., Zhang X. and Jie J. 2018 Nano Energy 46 257.

Lancellotti L., Bobeico E., Castaldo A., Delli Veneri P., Lago E. and Lisi N. 2018 Thin Solid Films 646 21.

Yavuz, S., Kuru C., Choi D., Kargar A., Jin S., Bandaru P.R. 2016 Nanoscale 8 6473.

Bae J., Kim H., Zhang X. M., Dang C.H., Zhang Y., Choi Y.J., Nurmikko A. and Wang Z.L. 2010 Nanotechnology 21 095502.

Lin C. H. 2012 Nanoscale Research. Letters 7 343.

Song Y., Li X., Mackin C., Zhang X., Fang W., Palacios T., Zhu H. and Kong J. 2015 Nano Letters 15 2104.

Jia Y., Li P., Gui X., Wei J., Wang K., Zhu H., Wu D., Zhang L., Cao A. and Xu Y. 2011 Applied Physics Letters 98 133115.

Ma J., Bai H., Zhao W., Yuan Y. and Zhang K. 2018, Solar Energy 160 76.

Tsuboi, Y., Wang F., Kozawa D., Funahashi K., Mouri S., Miyauchi Y., Takenobu T., Matsuda K. 2015 Nanoscale 7 14476.

Rehman M. A., Akhtar I., Choi W., Akbar K., Farooq A., Hussain S., Shehzad M. A., Chun S.-H., Jung J. and Seo Y. 2018 Carbon 132 157.

Yang L., Yu X., Xu M., Chen H. and Yang D. 2014 Journal of Material Chemistry A 2 16877.

Meng J.-H., Liu X., Zhang X.-W., Zhang Y., Wang H.-L., Yin Z.-G., Zhang Y.-Z., Liu H., You J.-B. and Yan H. 2016 NanoEnergy 28 44.

Xie C., Zhang X., Wu Y., Zhang X., Zhang X., Wang Y., Zhang W., Gao P., Han Y. and Jie J. 2013 Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1 8567.

Guo B., Fang L., Zhang B., Gong J.R. 2011 Insciences Journal 1(2) 80.

Mohammed M., Li Z., Cui J., Chen T. 2012 Nanoscale Research Letters 7 302.

Meng J. H., Zhang X. W., Wang H. L., Ren X. B., Jin C. H. Yin Z. G, Liu X. and Liu H. 2015 Nanoscale 7 16046.

Kim J. M., Kim S., Shin D. H., Seo S. W., Lee H. S., Kim J. H., Jang C. W., Kang S. S., Choi S.-H., Kwak G. Y., Kim K. J., Lee H. and Lee H. 2018 Nano Energy 43 124.

Shin D. H., Kwak G. Y., Kim J. M., Jang C. W., Choi S., Kim K. J. 2019 Journal of Alloys and Compounds 773 913.

Jia Y., Li P., Gui X., Wei J., Wang K., Zhu H., Wu D., Zhang L., Cao A. and Xu Y. 2011 Applied Physics Letters 98 133115.

Suhail A, Pan G, Jenkins D, Islam K. 2018 Carbon 129 520.

Jabeen M., Haxha S. 2020 Optics Express 28 12709.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Semiconductor Devices and Circuits