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Wastewater management in developed and developing countries

Ravinder Kumar Shukla, Kusum Tharani, Anshul Sharma, Rahul Sen Gupta, Ravi Pandey


Water is essential for humans and every other living being on earth. Everyone needs to use water efficiently by reducing and reusing methods. Managing wastewater in developed and developing countries is one of the methods. Wastewater management had importance in history as ancient Rome had a drainage system in which surface conduits were to the Tiber River. In the 19th-century, wastewater threw out of the cities with the help of a drainage system. Earlier, the wastewater used to be free of chemicals and, the use of these systems was efficient. These new technologies are used in developed countries on a large scale and at a minute level in developing countries. These wastewater management systems need to be done in developing countries as the technologies such as separating and electrocoagulation are basic and not efficiently working. New technologies are great as they are more efficient and cost-friendly and need to use in developing countries on a large scale. These technologies can save water and the environment. Wastewater management alone can solve nearly 65% of problems related to water usage shown in the case study. This percentage increases by advancement in technology. Wastewater management alone can save approximately 30% of bills. This management saves money on bills and helps the environment as only 1% of the earth's water is drinkable. We should focus, on managing wastewater and reducing the load on the environment


Programmable Logic controller (PLC) Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), Terawatt-hours(tWh), Automated Viral Filtration (AVF), Flocculation (Elflx), Reverse-Osmosis (R.O), Ultrafiltration (UF)

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