Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

FDM—Everything You Need to Know: A Review

Himat R. Rathod, Rishabh Dinesh Makwana, Biren J. Saradava, G. D. Acharya


The full form of FDM is fused deposition modelling, it is often referred to as 3D printing, additive manufacturing is in truth an technology which has been around for in any event three decades. There are in reality various diverse sub types of additive manufacturing including 3D printing, yet additionally quick prototyping and direct advanced assembling. Late advances in this innovation have seen its utilization become unquestionably increasingly far reaching and it offers energizing opportunities for future turn of events. Conventional assembling strategies include a material being cut or formed into the ideal item by parts of it being evacuated in an assortment of ways. The procedure includes the utilization of a PC and exceptional CAD software which can transfer messages to the printer so it "prints" in the ideal shape. Appropriate for use with a scope of various materials, the cartridge is stacked with the pertinent substance and this is "printed" into the shape, each skinny layer in turn. These layers are over and again imprinted on head of one another, being melded during the procedure until the shape is finished.

Customary assembling methods are equipped for creating an extraordinary scope of shapes and structures however added substance fabricating takes creation to the following level. One of the greatest benefits of this more modern technology is the greater range of shapes which can be produced. Designs that can’t be manufactured in one entire piece with traditional means can easily be achieved. This has the advantage of being stronger; no weak spots which can be compromised or stressed. Although media likes to use the term “3D Printing” as a synonym for all Additive Manufacturing processes, there are actually lots of individual processes which vary in their method of layer manufacturing. Individual processes will differ depending on the material and machine technology used. This review paper deals with basic principal, advantages, drawback’s and factors affecting selection of process. It also covers the quality parameters of FDM product.   


FDM Process, 3D Printing Technology, Additive Manufacturing

Full Text:



Paleti, B. M., Navuri, K., Eswara Kumar, A., Teja, P. V. S., & Vaddeswaram, ANALYSIS OF EFFECT OF INTERNAL STRUCTURES ON TENSILE STRENGTH OF THE FDM PARTS. International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 2017, 115(6), 123-131.

Paleti, B. M., Navuri, K., Eswara Kumar, A., Teja, P. V. S., & Vaddeswaram A. Effect of internal structures on compressive strength of the FDM parts. International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 2017, 115(6), 139-146.

Anoosha N M, Sachin B, Hemanth B R, Pavan Kumar. Tensile test & FEM Analysis of ABS material using FDM Technique. International Journal of innovation Research in Science Engineering and Technology. 2018, Volume 7 No. 6 6658 - 6663

Knoop, F., Schoeppner, V., & Knoop, F. C. Mechanical and thermal properties of FDM parts manufactured with polyamide 12. In Proceedings of the 26th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium—an Additive Manufacturing Conference, Austin, TX, USA 2015, (pp. 10-12).

Bagsik, K. I., Gebisa, A. W., & Lemu, H. G. Mechanical properties of ULTEM 9085 material processed by fused deposition modeling. Polymer Testing, 2018. 72, 335-347.

Kovan, V., Tezel, T., Topal, E. S., & Camurlu, H. E. Printing parameters effect on surface characteristics of 3D printed PLA materials. Machines. Technologies. Materials. 2018, 12(7), 266-269.

Galantucci, L. M., Bodi, I., Kacani, J., & Lavecchia, F. Analysis of dimensional performance for a 3D open-source printer based on fused deposition modeling technique. Procedia Cirp, 2015, 28, 82-87.

Basavaraj, C. K., & Vishwas, M. Studies on effect of fused deposition modelling process parameters on ultimate tensile strength and dimensional accuracy of nylon. In IOP conference series:materials science and engineering. 2016, (Vol. 149, p. 012035).

Farbman, D., & McCoy, C. Materials testing of 3D printed ABS and PLA samples to guide mechanical design. In International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference 2016, (Vol. 49903, p. V002T01A015). American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Kucewicz, M., Baranowski, P., Małachowski, J., Popławski, A., & Płatek, P. Modelling, and characterization of 3D printed cellular structures. Materials & Design, 2018, 142, 177-189.

Joshi, S. C., & Sheikh, A. A. 3D printing in aerospace and its long-term sustainability. Virtual and Physical Prototyping, 2015, 10(4), 175-185.

Ngo, T. D., Kashani, A., Imbalzano, G., Nguyen, K. T., & Hui, D. Additive manufacturing (3D printing): A review of materials, methods, applications and challenges. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2018, 143, 172-196.

Angrish, A. A critical analysis of additive manufacturing technologies for aerospace applications. In 2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference (pp. 1-6).

Kumar, L. J., & Nair, C. K. (2017). Current trends of additive manufacturing in the aerospace industry. In Advances in3D printing & additive manufacturing technologies (pp. 39-54). Springer, Singapore.


  • There are currently no refbacks.