Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Assessing the Durability of Stone Matrix Asphalt Concrete

saad sarsam, Shahed Mahmood


Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA) is widely used throughout the world as one of the preferred asphalt surfacings. The local specifications define asphalt concrete durability based on maximum loads at failure. Therefore, it is required to assess the durability of the road surface materials of SMA and their ability to resist operational effects in terms of environmental impact. In this investigation, the durability of stone matrix asphalt concrete was assessed in terms of temperature susceptibility, resistance to moisture damage, and sensitivity to the variation in asphalt content. Specimens of 102 mm diameter and 63.5 mm height were compacted using Marshal method at 150 °C. The optimum asphalt content was determined. The stabilizing additives were not implemented. Additional specimens were prepared with 0.5 % asphalt above and below the optimum requirement. Specimens were subjected to indirect tensile strength ITS determination at (25 and 40) °C, and double punch shear strength determination. Another group of specimens were subjected Marshal preoerties determination and to moisture damage. It was observed that stone matrix asphalt exhibit lower sensitivity to the change in asphalt content from the resistance to moisture damage and temperature susceptibility points of view. However, the tensile and shear properties exhibit significant sensitivity to the variation in asphalt content.


Stone Matrix, Asphalt concrete, moisture damage, temperature susceptibility, sensitivity, durability

Full Text:



Tashmana L. and Pearson B. Characterization of stone matrix asphalt mixtures. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, Vol. 13, No. 4, August 2012, 297–309. Taylor & Francis.

Myers N. M. Stone Matrix Asphalt, the Washington Experience. MSc. Thesis, University of Washington June 2007.

Qiu Y. F. and Lum K. M. Design and Performance of Stone Mastic Asphalt. Journal of transportation engineering ASCE Vol. 132, No. 12, December 2006. DOI: 10.1061/ASCE0733-947X2006132:12956.

Bernard B. A Review on Various Issues Related to Stone Matrix Asphalt. International Journal of Engineering Technology Science and Research IJETSR, Volume 4, Issue 12, December 2017. P588-591.

Cao, W., Liu, S. and Feng, Z., Comparison of performance of stone matrix asphalt mixtures using basalt and limestone aggregates. Construction and Building Materials 41, 2013. P. 474–479.

Rekha K. and Rao B. H. A stone mastic asphalt is gap graded by using bagasse fiber (sugar cane). Vol-3 Issue-6 2017. IJARIIE-ISSN(O)-2395-4396.

Asi, I. M., Laboratory comparison study for the use of SMA in hot weather climates. Construction and Building Materials 20, 2006. P. 982–989.

Nejad, F.M., Aflaki, E. and Mohammadi, M.A., Fatigue behavior of SMA and HMA mixtures. Construction and Building Materials 24, 2010. P. 1158–1165.

Liu H., Hao P., and Xu J. Effects of Nominal Maximum Aggregate Size on the Performance of Stone Matrix Asphalt. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 126; doi:10.3390/app7020126.

Thanh D., and Feng C. Study on influence factors of high temperature and water stability of Stone Matrix Asphalt. Advanced Materials Research Vols. 602-604. 2013. P. 1014-1020. Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. Doi: 10.4028/

Mashaan N. S., Ali A. H., Koting S., Karim M. R. Dynamic Properties and Fatigue Life of Stone Mastic Asphalt Mixtures Reinforced with Waste Tyre Rubber. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. Volume 2013, Article ID 319259, 9 pages. Hindawi Publishing Corporation.

Behnood A. and Ameri M. Experimental investigation of stone matrix asphalt mixtures containing steel slag, Scientia Iranica A. 2012. 19 (5), P. 1214–1219, Sharif University of Technology.

Sarang G., Lekha B., Krishna G. and Shankar R. Comparison of Stone Matrix Asphalt mixtures with polymer-modified bitumen and shredded waste plastics. Road Materials and Pavement Design, 2015. Taylor and Francis.

ASTM. American Society for Testing and Materials. Road and Paving Material, Vehicle-Pavement System, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, 2009, Vol.04.03.

SCRB, General Specification for Roads and Bridges, Section R/9 Hot-Mix Asphalt Concrete Pavement, Revised Edition, State Corporation of Roads and Bridges, Ministry of Housing and Construction, 2003, Republic of Iraq.

Engineering Road Note 10, 2016. Stone mastic asphalt, Main roads western Australia, D16#232643.

AASHTO. Standard Specification for Transportation Materials and Methods of Sampling and Testing, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, 14th Edition, Part II, 2013, Washington, D.C.

Sarsam S. and Husain H. Impact of Moisture Damage on Micro Crack Healing Process of Asphalt Concrete. International Journal of Advanced Materials Research Vol. 3, No. 2, 2017, pp. 9-16.

Sarsam S. and Husain H. Influence of moisture damage on micro crack healing of sustainable asphalt concrete pavement. Proceedings of the international conference of advances in sustainable construction materials and civil engineering system ASCMCES-17, Sharjah, ACI, April 18-20, 2017.

Sarsam S. and AL-Shujairy A. Assessing Tensile and Shear Properties of Recycled Sustainable Asphalt Pavement. Journal of Engineering, Volume 21 Number 6, June 2015.



  • There are currently no refbacks.