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Emanation of Bioplastics-Every Now and Then–A Review

Srimukhi Mandava, P. Rajarao, A. Ravinder


With the increasing population the usage of Fossil derived plastics has increased rapidly in daily life
due to its low cost and good moulding properties. These conventional plastics are non-biodegradable
and creates pollution in land, water and air ecosystem at the end of their life cycle. More than 90% of
plastics have been acquired from “fossil feedstocks”, and globally it reports around 4–8% of oil
consumption and was estimated to be attain around 20% by 2050. When plastics made from
petroleum are burnt, they release the carbon dioxide contained in the petroleum into the atmosphere,
leading to global warming. Then there is dire need to use biodegradable plastics that can reduce the
consequences of such ill effects. Interest in bio composite materials and their use in various
applications has been increasing constantly over a decade. The increasing environmental awareness
and lower material costs are the main driving forces for using renewable materials, such as cellulose
fibers that can be derived from the agricultural waste and has a potential to be used as reinforcement
material in polymer composites preparation. Bio derived plastics/composites is an emerging
alternative that has a unique property to decompose in natural environment and provides an
alternative eco-friendly solution to mimic the consequences that has been constantly occurring due to
the usage of plastics. The use of bioplastics offers significant advantages not only in an ecological
sense but also in an economic sense as Bioplastics represent about one percent of the more than 368
million tonnes of plastic produced annually. The main idea of this review paper is to give an
elaborative information on bioplastics and its future prospects.


Biodegradable plastics, Bio-based plastics, cellulose nanocrystals, reinforcement material, matrix, plasticizers

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