Optimization of Process Parameters for AISI 304 Using Micro-EDM Drilling Process: A Review

kailashkumar vala


Today, a variety of microparts are needed to fabricate high-tech items including MEMS applications and micro-electronic parts. The advancement of micromachining technology becomes ever more important in order to produce these micro parts. The creation of accurate holes and pins is one of the
multiple processes in the micromachining process that is necessary for many small components. In order to create deeper, more straight holes, micro-hole drilling is utilized in a number of precision industries, including the manufacture of watch and camera parts, fuel injection nozzles for automobiles, etc. High aspect ratio holes can be produced using electrical discharge machining (EDM) drill, a noncontact machining technique for electrically conductive materials that is very helpful in the tool manufacturing sector. The objective of the study on micro-EDM drilling process parameters is to analyse the effect of drilling parameters i.e. peak current(Ip), Pulse on time(Ton) and Pulse off time(Toff) etc.on machining AISI 304.


EDM drill, AISI 304,MEMS


Thanigaivelan, R., Arunachalam, R., & Natarajan, N. (2015). Study on influence of electrodes in electric discharge machining. Recent Patents on Mechanical Engineering, 8(2), 161-167

Jahan, M. P., Wong, Y. S., & Rahman, M. (2010). A comparative experimental investigation

of deep-hole micro-EDM drilling capability for cemented carbide (WC-Co) against austenitic stainless steel (SUS 304). The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 46, 1145-1160.

Kaushik, N., Jha, S. K., & Anand, R. S. (2023). Effect of input process parameters on MRR in micro EDM drilling of CFRP sheet using RSM. Materials Today: Proceedings.

Singh, S., & Verma, M. (2012). A parametric optimization of electric discharge drill machine using taguchi approach. Journal of Engineering, Computers & Applied Sciences, 1(3), 39-48.

Ali, S. M. (2019, August). Influence of Electrodes and Parameters on Micro-EDM Drilling Performances of 304L Stainless Steel. In 2019 2nd International Conference on Engineering Technology and its Applications (IICETA) (pp. 55-60). IEEE.

MIKROELEKTROEROZIJE, O. P., POVEZAVI, Z. U. M. L. V., & METODO, S. T. (2017). Optimization of micro-EDM parameters using grey-based fuzzy logic coupled with the taguchi method. OPTIMIZATION, 989, 995.

Reddy, K. S. Optimizing Machining Parameters of AISI 304 Stainless Steel and Nickel on CNC EDM Machine.

Singh, A. K., Mahajan, R., Tiwari, A., Kumar, D., &Ghadai, R. K. (2018, June). Effect of dielectric on electrical discharge machining: a review. In IOP Conference Series: Materials

Science and Engineering (Vol. 377, No. 1, p. 012184). IOP Publishing.

D’Urso, G., Giardini, C., & Ravasio, C. (2018). Effects of electrode and workpiece materials on

the sustainability of micro-EDM drilling process. International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, 19, 1727-1734.

Abdudeen, A., Abu Qudeiri, J. E., Kareem, A., Ahammed, T., &Ziout, A. (2020). Recent advances and perceptive insights into powder- mixed dielectric fluid of EDM. Micromachines, 11(8), 754.

Ramaswamy, A., Perumal, A. V., Jagadeesan, J., m & Nagarajan, H. V. (2021). Optimization of

WEDM process parameters for D3 die steel using RSM. Materials Today: Proceedings, 37, 2063- 2069.

Dewangan, S., Kumar, S. D., Jha, S. K., & Biswas, C. K. (2020). Optimization of Micro- EDM drilling parameters of Ti–6Al–4V alloy. Materials Today: Proceedings, 33, 5481-5485.

D’Urso, G., Maccarini, G., Quarto, M., & Ravasio, C. (2015). Investigation on power discharge in micro-EDM stainless steel drilling using different electrodes. Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 29, 4341-4349.

SAHOO, A. K., & MİSHRA, D. R. Multi- Attribute Optimization of EDM Drilling Process Parameters on Nitinol Using GRA-Assisted PSO.

Liu, Y., Wang, C., Yang, X., Sun, F., & Song, J. (2020). Fracture behaviour of the 304 stainless

steel with micro-EDMed micro-holes. Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, 42, 1-9.

Maccarini, G., Pellegrini, G., & Ravasio, C. (2020). Effects of the properties of workpiece, electrode and dielectric fluid in micro-EDM drilling process. Procedia Manufacturing, 51, 834-841.

D’urso, G., Maccarini, G. I. A. N. C. A. R. L. O., & Ravasio, C. H. I. A. R. A. (2014). Process performance of micro-EDM drilling of stainless steel. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 72, 1287-1298.

Sarıkaya, M., & Yılmaz, V. (2018). Optimization and predictive modeling using S/N, RSM, RA

and ANNs for micro-electrical discharge drilling of AISI 304 stainless steel. Neural Computing

and Applications, 30, 1503-1517.

Natarajan, N., & Suresh, P. (2015). Experimental investigations on the microhole machining of 304 stainless steel by micro-EDM process using RC- type pulse generator. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 77, 1741-1750.

Kamble, P. D., Pathak, S., Mohankar, M., Bhawalkar, A., & Tandekar, S. (2023). A Literature Survey on Optimization of Drilling Process for Different Materials.

Suresh, T., & Suresh, P. (2022, August). Optimisation of electrical discharge machining parameters through drilling of AISI 304 steel using Taguchi technique. In AIP Conference

Proceedings (Vol. 2460, No. 1, p. 020006). AIP Publishing LLC.

Sapkal, S. U., & Jagtap, P. S. (2018). Optimization of micro EDM drilling process parameters for titanium alloy by rotating electrode. Procedia Manufacturing, 20, 119-126.

Gupta, K., & Gupta, M. K. (2019). Developments in nonconventional machining for sustainable production: A state-of-the-art review. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 233(12), 4213- 4232.

Yahagi, Y., Koyano, T., Kunieda, M., & Yang, X. (2012). Micro drilling EDM with high rotation speed of tool electrode using the electrostatic induction feeding method. Procedia Cirp, 1, 162- 165.

Natarajan, U., Suganthi, X. H., & Periyanan, P. R. (2016). Modeling and multiresponse optimization of quality characteristics for the micro-EDM drilling process. Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 69, 1675-1686.

Liu, Q., Zhang, Q., Zhang, M., Yang, F., & Rajurkar, K. P. (2019). Effects of surface layer of AISI 304 on micro EDM performance. Precision Engineering, 57, 195-202.

Singh, R., Dhami, S. S., & Rajput, N. (2022). Comparison of EDM and ECM machined AISI 304 steel: Surface roughness, hardness and morphological characteristics. Materials today: proceedings, 48, 965-974.

Valaki, J. B., & Rathod, P. P. (2016). Assessment of operational feasibility of waste vegetable oil based bio-dielectric fluid for sustainable electric discharge machining (EDM). The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 87(5), 1509-1518.

Manikandan, M., Arun, S., Kuriachen, B., & Mathew, J. (2023). Comparative study of micro- die sink and micro-EDM drilled holes for electrode wear and surface roughness. Materials Today: Proceedings.

Pellegrini, G., & Ravasio, C. (2023). Study of the Law Motion of the Micro-EDM Drilling Process. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing, 7(5), 165.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.37591/jomme.v13i3.7514


  • There are currently no refbacks.