Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Review on Investigation of Tailor Welded Blanks of Dissimilar Aluminum-Magnesium Alloys and Hybrid Carbon Composites

Manoj M. Joshi, R. S. Hingole


Reduction in weight, better fuel efficiency and cost effectiveness are the salient attractive features of Aluminum-Magnesium alloys and carbon composite materials. By making use of tailor welded blanks of dis similar materials of different strengths at appropriate locations in automobile outer body, one can achieve these objectives. At the same time, fabrication of these Tailor Welded blanks of Aluminum-Magnesium alloys, next generation carbon composite materials by usual fusion welding processes is a challenge due to the metallurgical changes in the material. Friction stir welding(FSW) is a relatively new welding process which was invented in UK by The Welding Institute. It has proved to be a better technique in developing tailor welded blanks. Researchers are continually involved in getting a better welded joint through friction stir welding. To overcome the problems associated with getting a sound welded joint by friction stir welding, researchers have suggested multi objective optimization of process parameters and double sided friction stir welding methodologies. Further, a methodology to carry out an innovative friction stir welding is discussed. Formability characteristics and mechanical properties of high- tech carbon composite materials and associated difficulties for formation of Tailor welded blanks are discussed.


Friction Stir Welding, Tailor Welded Blanks, Hybrid Carbon Composite Material, Optimization, Aluminum Alloys, Microstructure, Tensile Strength

Full Text:



Mukesh Kumar, Ashish Das, Raj Ballav. Influence of interlayer on microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir welded dissimilar joints: A review. Materials Today Proceedings. 2020; 26(2): 2123-2129.

Marcello Cabibbo, Archimede Forcellese, E. Santecchia et al., New approaches to friction stir welding of aluminum light-alloys, Metals. 2020; 10(2): 233-252.

Virendra Pratap Singh, Surendra Kumar Patel, Alok Ranjan, et al. Recent research progress in solid state friction-stir welding of aluminium–magnesium alloys: a critical review. Journal of Material Reearch and Technology. 2020; 9(3): 6217–6256.

B. Rahmatian, S. E. Mirsalehi, K. Dehghani. Metallurgical and mechanical characterization of double-sided friction stir welded thick AA5083 aluminum alloy joints. Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals. 2019; 72: 2739-2751.

Oyindamola Kayode and Esther Titilayo Akinlabi, Recent research progress in solid state friction-stir welding of aluminum–magnesium alloys: a critical review, Material Research Express,2019,6(11).

B Das, S Pal, S Bag. Probing defects in friction stir welding process using temperature profile. Sadhana. 2019; 44(4). doi:10.1007/s12046-019-1068-2

Bazani Shaik, G. Harinath Gowd, B. Durga Prasad. Investigations and optimization of friction stir welding process to improve microstructures of aluminum alloys. Cogent Engineering. 2019; 6(1). doi :10.1080/23311916.2019.1616373

Van Nhat Nguyen, Quoc Manh Nguyen, Huong Thao Dang, Investigation on lap-joint friction stir welding between AA6351 alloys and DP800 steel sheet. Sadhana. 2018; 43: 160.

Artur Klos, Alexander Kahrimanidis, D. Wartberg, et al. Experimental and numerical studies on the forming behavior of high strain Al-Mg-Si(-Cu) sheet Alloys. Procedia Engineering. 2017; 183: 95-100.

Petr Homolaa, Martin Kadleca, Roman Ruzeka, Fatigue behavior of tailored blank thermoplastic composites with internal ply drop. Procedia Structural Integrity. 5; 2017: 1342-1348.

M. S. Lee, C. G. Kang. Determination of Forming Procedure by Numerical Analysis and Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Steel/CFRP Hybrid Composites with Complicated Shapes”,Composite Structures. 2017; 164: 118-129. doi :10.1016/j.compstruct.2016.10.021

Marco Parente, R. Safdarian, Abel D. Santos, et al. A study on the formability of aluminum tailor welded blanks produced by friction stir welding. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing and Technology. 2016; 83: 2129– 2141. doi 10.1007/s00170-015-7950-0

M. S. Lee , S. J. Kim , O. D. Lim Effect of process parameters on epoxy flow behavior and formability of CR340/CFRP composites in the deep drawing process. Procedia Engineering. 2014 ;81: 1627-1632. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.10.202

Bhanodaya Kiran Babu Nadikudi, M. J. Davidson, Neelakanteswara Rao Akasau, Formability analysis of dissimilar tailor welded blanks welded with different tool pin profiles. Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China. 2015; 25(6): 1787−1793.

R.K. Kesharwani, S.K. Panda, S.K. Lal. Multi objective optimization of friction stir welding parameters for joining of two dissimilar thin aluminum sheets. Procedia material science. 2014; 6: 178-187.

K. Veera Babu, R. Ganesh Narayanan, G. Sarvana Kumar. An expert system for predicting the deep drawing behavior of tailor welded blanks. Expert Systems with Applications. 2010; 37(12): 7802-7812.


  • There are currently no refbacks.