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Nano-additives in Concrete: Present Scenario and Challenges

Anagha D. Satbhai, Dr.M.N. Mangulkar, Dr.B.G. Thoksha


This research work reviews on nanomaterials in concrete. Now, the conventional concrete properties of nanomaterial utilization have been introduced various attentions to increase. Ultimately, as an introduction, nanomaterial is increasing the strength and durability of the concrete. The nanomaterial is defined as the material that includes the particle size which smaller than 200 nm. Nanomaterials must be at least 500 nm in size. During the research of concrete in the importance of nanomaterials, the requirement is at least 500 nm in size. This improves binding effect and also helps to reduce the cement content by partially replacing cement on a weight basis to the addition of ultrafine nanomaterials, providing a very dense concrete and automatically reduces the formation of microspores by acting as a filler agent in the application of ultrafine particles of nanomaterial in the UHPS (Ultra high pressure systems)structure. Furthermore, this review analyzes the resources and improvements of the concrete by utilizing nanomaterials the nanoparticles as concrete additives has the main advantages as the reduction of a set time including increased strength and thermal durability in concrete materials. This review also analyzes documented investigations of SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3, TiO2, CaCO3, and clay nanoparticles, and reviews beneficial alteration mechanisms and commercial purposes, including cost and distribution.

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