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Fluid and Ion Transport in Cement-Based Materials: A Systematic Review

Subhojit Chattaraj, Sanjoy Shil


The development of fluid and ions in some concrete is occurred according to four basic mechanisms: capillary suction is due to capillary action inside of cement paste, permeation due to on pressure gradients, Diffusion is happened due to concentration gradients, and migration is due to electrical potential gradients. In this paper the transportation processes in concrete are described. Every process has a brief introduction to the physical mechanism by providing the examples of how they can contribute to the deterioration in concrete structures.



Capillary suction, permeation, diffusion, migration, Concrete Structure.

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