Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Review on Environmentally Friendly Chemicals

Nagham Mahmood Aljamali, Shaima Ibraheem Chyad AL-Khazraji


Early-career researchers who want to specialize in green chemistry should be interested in training in toxicology, sustainability, and environmental impact assessment of prepared products. The most demanding fields for specialists in environmentally friendly chemistry are industrial fields, especially in the sectors of technology, pharmaceutical industry, biotechnology, and consumer health. They are also in demand in entertainment companies and supply offices. Researchers should also strengthen their marketing abilities, gain a better understanding of the labor market and production processes, and become well-versed in all applicable rules and regulations. Green chemistry curricula are
uncommon in the United States, where Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, the University of Toledo in Ohio, the University of Massachusetts at Lowell, and the University of California at Berkeley have launched Postgraduate programmes in green chemistry, as have European institutions such as York University in the United Kingdom and the University of Copenhagen, as well as some universities in Asia. Some companies have also cooperated with universities to build environmentally friendly chemistry laboratories.


Green chemistry, friendly chemicals, friendly solvents, wastes, pollution, contamination, chemical wastes, environment.

Full Text:



Sheldon, R. A.; Arends, I. W. C. E.; Hanefeld, U. Green Chemistry and Catalysis. : Weinheim, Germany;2007.doi:10.1002/9783527611003. ISBN 9783527611003.

Clark, J. H.; Luque, R.; Matharu, A. S. Green Chemistry, Biofuels, and Biorefinery. Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. 2012; 3: 183–207 . doi:10.1146/annurev-chembioeng -062011-081014. PMID 22468603.

Cernansky, R. Chemistry: Green refill. Nature. 2015; 519: 379-380. doi:10.1038 /nj7543-379a.

Nagham Mahmood Aljamali, Aseel Mahmood Jawad , Imad Kareem Alwan Alsabri. Public Health in Hospitals. 1st Edition. Republic of Moldova, Europe: Eliva Press; 2020. ISBN: 9798636352129 . Available at : .

Aseel Mahmood Jawad, Nagham Mahmood Aljamali. Innovation, Preparation of Cephalexin Drug Derivatives and Studying of (Toxicity & Resistance of Infection). International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation. 2020; 24(4): 3754-3767. DOI: 10.37200/IJPR/V24I4/PR201489. Available at : Nagham-Aljamali .

Sanderson, K. Chemistry: It's not easy being green. Nature. 2011; 469: 18-20 .

Poliakoff, M.; Licence, P. Sustainable technology: Green chemistry. Nature. 2007; 450 (7171): 810–812. Bibcode:2007Natur.450..810P. doi:10.1038/450810a . PMID 18064000.

Clark, J. H. Green chemistry: Challenges and opportunities. Green Chemistry. 1999; 1: 1-8. doi:10 .1039/A807961G.

Nagham Mahmood Aljamali., Imd Karm Alwn A., Hasaneen Kudhair Abdullabass., Review in SARS-Corona Virus (Types, Infection, Diagnosis, Chemical Antiseptics for this Virus). Journal of Science and Technology. 2020; 5(3): 111-224.

Aseel Mahmood Jawad, Nagham Mahmood Aljamali, Saher Mahmood Jwad. Development and Preparation of ciprofloxacin Drug Derivatives for Treatment of Microbial Contamination in Hospitals and Environment. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology. 2020;14(2):1115-1122.

Woodhouse, E. J.; Breyman, S. Green chemistry as social movement?. Science, Technology, & Human Values. 2005; 30 (2): 199–222. doi:10.1177/016224390 4271726.

Linthorst, J. A. An overview: Origins and development of green chemistry. Foundations of Chemistry. 2009; 12: 55-68. doi:10.1007/s10698-009-9079-4.

Nagham Mahmood Aljamali, Muhsin Mohammed Al Najim.. Review in Hospital-Acquired Infection. International Journal of Advances in Engineering Research. 2020; 20(3): 7-20. Available at : .

Jain SK, Persaud D, Perl TM. Nosocomial malaria and saline flush. Emerging Infect. Dis. 2005; 11(7): 1097–1099. doi:10.3201/eid1107.050092. PMC 3371795. PMID 16022788

Nagham Mahmood Aljamali , Hasaneen Kudhair Abdullabass, Aseel Mahmood Jawad. Review on Types of Automatic Sterilization Systems in Hospitals. International Journal of Industrial Biotechnology and Biomaterials. 2020; 6(1): 15–21.

Kolár, M.; Urbánek, K.; Látal. Antibiotic selective pressure and development of bacterial resistance. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 2001; 17 (5): 357–363. doi:10. 1016/S0924-8579(01) 00317-X.. PMID 11337221.

Nagham Mahmood Aljamali. Synthesis and Biological Study of Hetero (Atoms and Cycles) Compounds. Der PharmaChemica. 2016; 8(6): 40-48. Available at: https://www. researchgate .net/profile /Nagham-Aljamali .

Nagham Mahmood Aljamali, Aseel Mahmood Jawad, Intisar Obaid Alfatlawi, Saher Mahmood Jawd. Review on Hospital Bacteria (Causes, Infections, Prevention). International Journal of Cell Biology and Cellular Processes. 2020; 6(1): 1–8p.Available at : /Nagham-Aljamali .

Alsbr, IK. A., Abdullabass, H. K., Nagham Mahmood Aljamali. Invention of (Gluta. Sulfazane-Cefixime) Compounds as Inhibitors of Cancerous Tumors. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research. 2020; 11(2): 44-55. DOI:

Nagham Mahmood Aljamali., Aseel Mahmood Jawd., Anaam Jawad Alabbasy, A Literature Review on Types of Contamination (Biological, Chemical, Medical). International Journal of International Journal of Green Chemistry.2019; 5 (1) 7–14

Kalil AC, Metersky ML, Klompas M, Management of Adults With Hospital-acquired and Ventilator-associated Pneumonia: 2016 Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Thoracic Society. Clin. Infect. Dis. 2016;63(5):e61-e111.

Rasool, S. R., Nagham Mahmood Aljamali., Al-Zuhairi, A. J. Guanine substituted heterocyclic derivatives as bioactive compounds. Biochem. Cell. Arch. 2020; 20: 3651-3655.

Rabab Mahdi Ubaid Mahmood, Intisar Obaid Alfatlawi, Saher Mahmood Jawd. Review on Causes of Diarrhea (Bacterial, Parasitic, Viral) in Children., Journal of Clinical Trials and Regulations. 2021; 3(1): 14-20.

Leung, M., Chan, A. H. Control and management of hospital indoor air quality. Medical science monitor. 2006; 12(3): SR17-SR23. Available at:

Chan, P. C., Huang, L. M., Lin, H. C., Control of an outbreak of pandrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii colonization and infection in a neonatal intensive care unit. Infection control and hospital epidemiology. 2007; 28(4): 423-429. Available at:

Traub-Dargatz, J. L., Weese, J. S., Rousseau, J. D., Pilot study to evaluate 3 hygiene protocols on the reduction of bacterial load on the hands of veterinary staff performing routine equine physical examinations. The Canadian Veterinary Journal. 2006; 47(7): 671-676. Available at:

Haverstick, S., Goodrich, C., Freeman, R., Patients’ hand washing and reducing hospital-acquired infection. Critical care nurse. 2017; 37(3): e1-e8.

Kendall, A., Landers, T., Kirk, J., Point-of-care hand hygiene: preventing infection behind the curtain. American journal of infection control. 2012; 40(4): S3-S10. DOI:

Health Quality Ontario. Portable ultraviolet light surface-disinfecting devices for prevention of hospital-acquired infections: a health technology assessment. Ontario health technology assessment series. 2018; 18(1): 1-73. Available at:

Weber, D. J., Kanamori, H., Rutala, W. A. No touch’technologies for environmental decontamination: focus on ultraviolet devices and hydrogen peroxide systems. Current opinion in infectious diseases. 2016; 29(4): 424-431. DOI:

Stiller, A., Schröder, C., Gropmann, A., ICU ward design and nosocomial infection rates: a cross-sectional study in Germany. Journal of Hospital Infection. 2017; 95(1): 71-75. DOI:



  • There are currently no refbacks.