Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Thermodynamic Analysis of Stirling Engine and its Performance Challenges: A Review

Karan Khatke, Krishna Dutta Pandey, Kundan Gupta Gupta, Mayank Kumar Dwivedi


In present scenario the efficient use of energy and environmental safety subjected to prior importance in energy sector from creating work from fuels. A good source of energy having low cost alternative should be needed. The Stirling engine engross the interest of most of researchers. In 1816 after invention of Stirling engine by Robert Stirling, attracting new interest because of its environmental friendly credentials. The Stirling engine is a significant device in both theoretically and practically way. It is simple, safe and reliable. It works on reversible closed thermodynamic cycle. Currently in many sectors Stir. 


Stirling cycle engine, thermodynamic analysis, performance characteristics, cryogenic refrigeration

Full Text:



McFarlane Patrick K. Mathematical Model and Experimental Design of an Air-Filled Alpha Stirling Refrigerator. An Honors Undergraduate Thesis Submitted to the Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering of the University of Notre Dame. 2014.{ Date of access: 19/1/2020]

Haywood D, Raine JK, Gschwendtner MA. Stirling-Cycle Heat-Pumps and Refrigerators: A Realistic Alternative? Institute of Refrigeration, Heating & Air Conditioning Engineers (IHRACE) 2002 Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand. AUT Library Open Repository. 2002. handle/10292/4942[ Date of access: 19/1/2020]

Urieli I, Berchowitz DM. Stirling Cycle Engine Analysis. UK: Adam Hilger Ltd; 1984. https://www.osti. gov/etdeweb/biblio/6068495[ Date of access: 19/1/2020]

Senft JR. A Mathematical Model for Ringbom Engine Operation. J Eng Gas Turbine Power. 1985; 107(3): 590–5p.

Rankine WJM. Thermodynamics. Trans Roy Soc Londan, Part I. Article No. 144. 1859; 140–6p.

Finkelstein T. Generalized Thermodynamic Analysis of Stirling Cycle Engines. SAE Paper No. 118A, 1960. DOI: 222

Walker G, Khan MI. Theoretical Performance of Stirling Cycle Engine. Paper No. 949A, Proceedings of SAE International Automotive Congress, Detroit, 1965. DOI: 10.4271/650003

Makhkamov K, Ingham DB. Analysis of the Working Process and Mechanical Losses in a Stirling Engine for a Solar Power Unit. ASME J Sol Energy Eng. 1999; 121(2): 121–7p.

Mahkamov K. An Asymmetric Computational Fluid Dynamic Approach to the Analysis of Working Process of Solar Stirling Engine. ASME J Sol Energy Eng. 2006; 128: 45–53p.

Senft JR. Theoretical Limits on the Performance of Stirling Engines. Int J Energy Res. 1998; 22(11): 991–1000p.

de Boer PCT. Maximum Obtainable Performance of Stirling Engine and Refrigerators. ASME J Heat Transfer. 2003; 125(5): 911–5p.

Schmidt G. Classical Analysis of Operation of Stirling Engine. A Report Published in German Engineering Union (Original German). 1871; 15: 1–12p.

Jincan Chen, Zijun Yan, Lixuan Chen, Bjarne Andersen. Efficiency Bond of Solar Driven Stirling Heat Engine System. Int J Energy Res. 1998; 22: 805–12p.

Feng Wu, Lingen Chen, Chih Wu, Fengrui Sun. Optimum Performance of Irreversible Stirling Engine with Imperfect Regeneration. J Energy Conserv Manage. 1998; 39(8): 727–32p.

Ercan Ataer O. Numerical Analysis of Regenerator of Free-Piston Type Stirling Engines Using Lagrangian Formulation. Int J Refrig. 2002; 25: 640–52p. Fette P. About the Efficiency of the Regenerator in the Stirling Engine and the Function of Volume Ratio Vmax/Vmin. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Stirling Cycle Machines 95, ICSC-95041. 1995; 271p.

Ercan Ataera, Karabulutb H. Thermodynamic Analysis of the V-Type Stirling-Cycle Refrigerator. Int J Refrig. 2005; 28(2): 183–189p.

Bancha Kongtragool, Somchai Wongwises. Thermodynamic Analysis

of a Stirling Engine Including Dead Volumes of Hot Space, Cold Space and Regenerator. Renew Energy. 2006; 31(3): 345–359p.

Patel V, Poul A, Selokar GR, Jhavar P. Theoretical Analysis of Regenerator for Reversed Stirling Cycle Review. International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology (IJESRT). 2013; 2(9): 2506-2509p.

Ranjan RK, Verma SK. Thermodynamic Analysis and Analytical Simulation of the Modified Stirling Cycle. Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research and Developments (JMERD). 2017; 40(4): 579-594p.

Abhinesh Choudhary, Santosh Kansal. Thermodynamic Analysis of Imperfect Regeneration Stirling Cycle Considering the Effect of Friction and Dead Volumes. Int J Core Eng Manag. Jun 2018; 5(3): 41-54p.


  • There are currently no refbacks.