Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Developing Virtual Power Plant using Savonius Rotor Wind Turbine for Sustainability

Imran Mortoza Khan, Md. Kamrul Hassan


The objective of this paper is to develop VPP (virtual power plant) by extracting and transferring power to balance supply and demand, for production of power, near consumption place using Savoniusrotor wind turbine, where direction of wind changes very often,andoperates even during storm.When the wind speed is ideal and balanced, all the demand for appliance-electrical consumption converged to the same production of power compensation. However,wind speed does not stay same as ideal or balanced, so these naturally results in different levelsof production of power that is unable to yield an adequate power to compensate the demand of appliance-electrical consumption. This report undertakes on Savoniusrotor wind turbine along with relevant theoretical studies.The proposed wind turbine is worked with grid connected mode VPP. Horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) is most dominant turbine in wind power generation;Savoniusrotor wind turbine exploits the suitable property ofVerticalaxis wind turbine (VAWT).Extensive simulationis carried out in MATLAB withVPPby extracting and transferring power for balancing production of power under different wind speeds. The grid connected mode VPP obtains by considering residential loads, able to compute the sustainable power in terms ofscenarios, while reducing the usage of fossil energy resources.


Keywords:Grid connected mode virtual power plant, HAWT, VAWT, Savoniusrotor wind turbine

Cite this Article

Imran Mortoza Khan, Md. Kamrul Hassan. Developing Virtual Power Plant using Savonius Rotor Wind Turbine for Sustainability.Journal of Alternate Energy Sources & Technologies. 2020; 11(1): 11–36p.

Full Text:



Michael Sonnenschein, Christian Hinrichs, Astrid Nieße, Ute Vogel. Supporting Renewable Power Supply through Distributed Coordination of Energy Resources.In: Hilty L., Aebischer B. (eds). ICT Innovation for Sustainability. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing(AISC).Springer,Cham. 2015. pp. 387–404.

Łukasz Bartosz Nikonowicz, JarosławMilewski. Virtual power plants - general review: structure, application and optimization.Journal of Power Technologies.2012; 92(3): 135–149.

Jie Xiao, XiangyuKong, QiangJin, Hengxu You, Kai Cui, Yusen Zhang. Demand-responsive virtual power plant optimization scheduling method based on competitive bidding equilibrium. Energy Procedia. Oct.2018; 152:1158–1163.

Mahesh S Narkhede, SChatterji, Smarajit Ghosh. Challenges, modeling simulation and performance analysis of virtual power plant in Indian context.International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering. 2014; 3(4):9142–9150.

Hongjian Sun. Towards Joint Power-Communication System Modelling and Optimisation for Smart Grid Application: Virtual Power Plant (TOPMOST). Project. Available from:


Vertical axis small wind turbine/with helical savonius rotor-video.Available from:


Mohammed Hadi Ali. Experimental comparison study for Savonius wind turbine of two & three blades at low wind speed. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER).2013; 3(5): 2978–2986. Available

Brandmaier Chris, James Everett, Anthony Hassan, Andrea Kates. Enclosed WindTurbines. Major Qualifying Project Report. Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Accessed: September 2013. Available from:



Arun Prakash C, PonsuganthIlongovan P, Nitin Joy, Subramanian R. Effect of blade design on angular velocity of vertical axis wind turbine- CFD analysis.Journal of Informatics and Mathematical Sciences. 2018;(1&2): 279–285.

Peter J Schubel, Richard J Crossley. Review wind turbine blade design. Energies. 2012; 5: 3425–3449. Available from:


Lucas Deisadze, Drew Digeser, Christopher Dunn, Dillon Shoikat. Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Evaluation and Design. [B.Sc. Project]. Worcester Polytechnic Institute; 2013 [cited: April 25, 2013].

Oliver Hammond, Shelby Hunt, Emily Machlin. Design of An Alternative Hybrid Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. [B.Sc.Project]. Worcester Polytechnic Institute; 2014 [cited: [March 28, 2014]

C. Ramsay: ―The Virtual Power Plant: Enabling Integration of distributed generation and demand, 1(1), FENIX Bulletin 2, Jan 2008. Available from:

Eko Adhi Setaiwan. Concept and controllability of virtual power plant. [Ph.DThisis]Germany: upress University of Kassel, DeutcheNationalbibbliografie, http: //; 2007, April 27, pp. 47–53. Available from:

Carlos Giron, SOmran. Virtual power plant for a smart grid: a technical feasibility case study.International Journal of Renewable Energy Research -IJRER. 2018;8(2): 830–837.

AZA Saifullah, MD Abdul Karim, MD Raisul Karim. Wind Energy Potential in Bangladesh. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER). 2016; 5(7):85–94.

Md Arifur Rahman, Md Mostafa Ali, Md Ataur Rahman. Available from: on the Effectiveness of Bioshield along Kuakata Beach of Bangladesh in Reducing the Storm Surge Energy Using BoB Model.

Available from: /NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Last accessed on Dec 2012.

Windside WS-30 1982, Available from:

Tildy Bayer. Virtual power plants: a new model for renewables integration. Renewable Energy World. September 30, 2013; 16(5) (featured news).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Alternate Energy Sources and Technologies