Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Comparative Study and Analysis of Composite Bridge and Concrete Bridge for Moving Loads

Aniket Bharat Mhatre, Girish Joshi


Composite Bridges are mainly used in the construction of various flyovers to minimize the traffic flow. Composite highway bridges are subjected to many dynamic actions with different magnitudes due to the action of different types of vehicles. Depending on the magnitude and intensity and many other adverse effects the structural system and performance may compromise and that may lead to a reduction of the expected bridge life. A composite (steel concrete) bridge having dimensions of 12.50 m roadway width and concrete deck thickness of 0.23 m, having a span of 40.0 m was investigated in this paper. The model was developed for the composite bridge dynamic analysis and was implemented in the MIDAS-CIVIL program which has finite element method simulations. Along with steel concrete composite model a conventional bridge model was also modelled using same dimensions. After applying all loads as per Indian Standard Codes various results were discussed in the paper.


Composite Bridge, MIDAS CIVIL, Super structure comparison, IRC Loadings

Full Text:




IRC - 6, “Irc 6 - Standard Specifications and Code of Practice for Road Bridges,” Irc, vol. ii-Loads, no. 7th Revision, pp. 1–89, 2017.

J. C. Matos, V. N. Moreira, I. B. Valente, P. J. S. Cruz, L. C. Neves, and N. Galvão, “Probabilistic-based assessment of existing steel-concrete composite bridges – Application to Sousa River Bridge,” Eng. Struct., vol. 181, no. December 2018, pp. 95–110, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.12.006.

J. Nie, J. Wang, S. Gou, Y. Zhu, and J. Fan, “Technological development and engineering applications of novel steel-concrete composite structures,” Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 2019, doi: 10.1007/s11709-019-0514-x.

D. Huang, J. Wei, X. Liu, P. Xiang, and S. Zhang, “Experimental study on long-term performance of steel-concrete composite bridge with an assembled concrete deck,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 214, pp. 606–618, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.04.167.

F. Kong, P. Huang, B. Han, X. Wang, and C. Liu, “Experimental study on behavior of corrugated steel-concrete composite bridge decks with MCL shape composite dowels,” Eng. Struct., vol. 227, no. October 2020, p. 111399, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.111399.

“Standard Specifications and Code of Practice for Road Bridges Section VI Composite Construction ( Limit States Design )”.

R. S. Nicoletti, A. Rossi, A. S. C. de Souza, and C. H. Martins, “Numerical assessment of effective width in steel-concrete composite box girder bridges with partial interaction,” Eng. Struct., vol. 239, no. October 2020, p. 112333, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2021.112333.

D. Papastergiou and J. P. Lebet, “Design and experimental verification of an innovative steel-concrete composite beam,” J. Constr. Steel Res., vol. 93, pp. 9–19, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2013.10.017.

The Indian Roads Congress, “Standard Specifications and Code of Practice for Road Bridges Section,” Irc:6-2014, vol. Section II, no. MAY, pp. 11–94, 2014.

L. Zhu, H. L. Wang, B. Han, G. Y. Zhao, X. J. Huo, and X. Z. Ren, “Dynamic analysis of a coupled steel-concrete composite box girder bridge-train system considering slip and shear-lag,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 157, no. June, p. 107060, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.tws.2020.107060.

A. A. Mosavi, R. Seracino, and S. Rizkalla, “Effect of Temperature on Daily Modal Variability of a Steel-Concrete Composite Bridge,” J. Bridg. Eng., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 979–983, 2012, doi: 10.1061/(asce)be.1943-5592.0000372.

I. Mohseni, A. Ashin, W. Choi, and J. Kang, “Development of dynamic impact factor expressions for skewed composite Concrete-Steel Slab-On-Girder bridges,” Adv. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 2018, 2018, doi: 10.1155/2018/4313671.

F. N. Leitão, J. G. S. Da Silva, P. C. G. S. Da Vellasco, S. A. L. De Andrade, and L. R. O. De Lima, “Composite (steel-concrete) highway bridge fatigue assessment,” J. Constr. Steel Res., vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 14–24, 2011, doi: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2010.07.013.

J. Seo and J. W. Hu, “Influence of Atypical Vehicle Types on Girder Distribution Factors of Secondary Road Steel-Concrete Composite Bridges,” J. Perform. Constr. Facil., vol. 29, no. 2, p. 04014064, 2015, doi: 10.1061/(asce)cf.1943-5509.0000566.

Q. V. Vu, D. K. Thai, and S. E. Kim, “Effect of intermediate diaphragms on the load – carrying capacity of steel – concrete composite box girder bridges,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 122, no. April 2017, pp. 230–241, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.tws.2017.10.024.

R. L. Pedro, J. Demarche, L. F. F. Miguel, and R. H. Lopez, “An efficient approach for the optimization of simply supported steel-concrete composite I-girder bridges,” Adv. Eng. Softw., vol. 112, pp. 31–45, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.advengsoft.2017.06.009.

R. Wodzinowski, K. Sennah, and H. M. Afefy, “Free vibration analysis of horizontally curved composite concrete-steel I-girder bridges,” J. Constr. Steel Res., vol. 140, pp. 47–61, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2017.10.011.

L. Macorini, M. Fragiacomo, C. Amadio, and B. A. Izzuddin, “Long-term analysis of steel-concrete composite beams: FE modelling for effective width evaluation,” Eng. Struct., vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 1110–1121, 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2005.12.002.



  • There are currently no refbacks.