Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Experimental Analysis of Wheel Load on Tunnels

Ankit Pachouri


Construction of tunnels in urban areas for various purposes such as underground transportation and sewage disposal usually includes excavation in soil or semi-rigid media. The need for analysis of wheel loads on tunnels arises due to the future development in the area above the tunnel. If it is a road development, as vehicles pass through it, load of those vehicles may finally act upon the tunnel. But for the present stress calculations, the tire load effect is not considered. The load effect depends upon the height of soil above the tunnel. At higher thickness of soil above the tunnel, the wheel effect is minimum and at lower thickness the tire load plays an important role for the development of stress in the tunnel lining. So the effect of wheel load should be taken into consideration. The present study aims at assessing the wheel load stress acting over the pavement which finally comes to tunnel through a model setup. The study takes into account the different types of loading, i.e., parallel and perpendicular loading for both rigid and flexible pavement for different thicknesses. The result so obtained helps to determine the stress induced in the tunnel due to the overlying wheel load.

Full Text:



Mathieu Lamande, Per Schjønning. Transmission of vertical stress in a real soil profile Part II: Effect of tyre size, inflation pressure and wheel load. Soil & Tillage Research. 2011; 114: 71–77p.

BeskouNiki D. Dynamic effects of moving loads on road pavements: A review. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering. 2011.

Palassi Massoud, Mohebbi Mohemmad M. Design of lining of tunnels excavated in soil and soft rock. Department of Civil Engineering. EJGE. 2008; 13.

Tafresh S.N. Moghaddas, Khalaj O. Laboratory tests of small-diameter HDPE pipes buried in reinforced sand under repeated-load. Science Direct. 2008; 145–63p.

Meguid MA, et al. Physical modeling of tunnels in soft ground: A review. Tunneling and Underground Space Technology. 2008; 185–98p.

Costanzi M. Effects of tyre contact pressure distribution on the deformation rates of pavements. Engineering Department, University of Cambridge, England.

Arvidsson Johan, Keller Thomas. Soil stress as affected by wheel load and tyre inflation pressure. Soil & Tillage Research. 2007; 284–91p.

Fei-huangDeng, Hai-hong Mo. Analysis of the dynamic response of a shield tunnel in soft soil under a metro-train vibrating load. J. China Univ. of Mining & Tech. 2006.

MashimoH, Ishimura T. Evaluation of the load on shield tunnel lining in gravel. Tunneling and Underground Space Technology. 2003; 233–41p.

Kim HJ, Eisenstein Z. Prediction of tunnel lining loads using correction factors. Engineering Geology. 2006; 302–12p.

IRC 6:2000. Standard Specification and Code for Practice for Road Bridges.



  • There are currently no refbacks.